social contract in legitimacy theory in accounting

… LEGITIMACY THEORY AND SOCIAL DISCLOSURE In many respects, legitimacy theory is based on the concept of the social contract. The following theories; namely the Legitimacy theory, Political economy theory, Stakeholder theory and Social contract theory are considered to be a systems- oriented theories. While the stakeholder theory is built on the demand of internal and external stakeholders for companies to behave responsibly, the legitimacy theory emphasizes a social contract between the business and society (Deegan, 2006; Hinson et al. It was found that underlying philosophies appear to range from critical theory, through the social contract of business and society and organisational legitimacy to the 'business case' at the other end of a possible spectrum. What is social contract in accounting? In moral and political philosophy, the social contract is a theory or model that originated during the Age of Enlightenment and usually concerns the legitimacy of the authority of the state over the individual. The social contract is an idea that informs so much of accounting theory, yet it is given such little attention. This research is also motivated by the … As explained by Shocker & Sethi (1974, p. 67): Any social institution - and business is no exception operates in society via a social contract, expressed or ' For a detailed discussion of this theory see Preston & Post (1975). corporate social responsibility (CSR) disclosure literature. Of course, certain assumptions need to be made. Legitimacy theory, one of many social theories which is supported by the concept of the social contract, has been long been recognised as an effective explanatory tool regarding the motive of environmental reporting by business organisations (O’Donovan, 2002; Guthrie and Parker, 1990; Deegan and Gordon, 1996; Deegan and Rankin, 1996; Brown and Deegan, 1998; Islam and Deegan, 2010). In this report, relation between social contract and legitimacy theory regarding financial accounting has been discussed to outline the importance of society expectation in the legitimacy theory. 3Department of Accounting, Faculty of Commerce, Benha University, Egypt Received 1 November 2014, Revised 19 December 2014, Accepted 20 December 2014, Published 1 January 2015 Abstract: Legitimacy theory is one of the most discussed theories to explain the phenomenon of voluntary social and environmental disclosures in corporate communication. An organisation is deemed to be legitimate to the extent that it complies with the terms of the social contract. … Questions must me answered from the perspective of the theories discussed in the subject. The theory assumes that a corporation does not have any right to operate or access resources, and is only legitimate when the value system of the corporation is congruent with that of society. What might have been demanded of a corporation a decade ago might now be frowned upon. From a CSR standpoint we review and discuss, in detail, legitimacy theory, stakeholder theory, social contract theory, and signalling theory to identify the situations that suit each of these perspectives. “Legitimacy is a generalized perception or assumption that the actions of an entity are desirable, proper, or appropriate within some socially constructed system of norms, values, beliefs, and definitions” (Suchman, 1995, p. 574, emphasis in original) Legitimacy theory has become one of the most cited theories within the social and environmental accounting area. If the social contract underscores one or more of the systems theories presented in Modules 7 & 8, then it has implications across a number of areas of accounting theory, not least in the area of environmental and sustainability reporting (Module 8). On The Social Contract And The Legitimacy Of Government ... As such, I looked at the social contract theory systematically, examining it almost from scratch, to try and reach a conclusion that would actually resemble a genuine contract while staying true to plausibility and acceptability. Downloadable! Support your position with convincing arguments from the academic literature. The main assumption of legitimacy theory is fulfilling the organization’s social contract, which enables the recognition of its objectives. Legitimacy theory depends on the idea of a “social contract” between the organization and the society in which it operates. Without society, any company cannot exist. Legitimacy Theorists often rely on the notion of a social contract, which is an implied contract representing the norms and expectations of the community in which an organisation operates. What does the notion of legitimacy and social contract have to do with corporate disclosure policies? The theory assumes that a corporation does not have any right to operate or access resources, and is only legitimate when the value system of the corporation is congruent with that of society. Patrick Riley presents a comprehensive historical analysis of the meaning of contract theory and a testing of the inherent validity of the ideas of consent and obligation. The aim of this study is to explore the possibility of using the legitimacy theory as a plausible explanation for CSR reporting practices by organizations within the context of developing nations. A … The findings Legitimacy Theory specifies a social contract between the organisation and society. Legitimacy theory helps to understand the organization’s behavior in implementing, developing and communicating its social responsibility policies. Ethics in Accounting Ethics offers a moral framework that makes it possible for businesses and individuals to make the right business judgments. Acc theory Preview text Seminar 7: Solutions to Discussion Questions Chapter 8: Questions 8.2, 8.4, 8.8, 8.9, 8.10, 8.12, 8.17 8.2 According to Lindblom (p.2), legitimacy is: a condition or status which exists when an value system is congruent with the value system of the larger social … Social Contract Legitimacy Theory implies that there is a social contract representing the norms and expectations of both businesses and society. The concept of the social contract is based on legitimacy theory. However, the concept of corporate legitimacy, which has been used by Ramanathan (1976), Schreuder and Ramanathan (1984), and Benston (1982) in arguing either for or against the need for social accounting, may have some relationship to social disclosure. LEGITIMACY THEORY posits that businesses are bound by the social contract in which the firms agree to perform various socially desired actions in return for approval of its objectives and other rewards, and this ultimately guarantees its continued existence. Furthermore, the application of the legitimacy theory in the organisation’s financial account reporting has also been demonstrated in this study. The social contract is a concept used to explain a group of implicit and explicit expectation that society has about how organization should conduct its operations. Explain the relevance and application of the social contract to Legitimacy Theory in accounting. While the relationship between society and business is explained by the social contract, organizational legitimacy describes the state in which an organization has met the terms of the social contract. Social contracts, like society itself, is difficult to pin down. Expectations and norms are always changing. To a great extent, legitimacy theory has a basis in the notion of the social contract. The political and moral philosophy has mentioned about the social contract theory, which in simple terms means that the state holds some authority over an individual. Legitimacy Theory relies on the belief that a social contract exists between corporations and society. 2. He uncovers the critical relationship between the act of willing and that of consenting in self-government and shows how "will" relates to political legitimacy. This form of institutionalism is also evident in the case study ‘Bank to slash extra 1000 jobs’ by Nicola Webber. 2 This decline is well documented in … It is assumed within Legitimacy Theory that society allows the organisation to continue operations to the extent that it generally meets society’s expectations —that is, to the extent that it complies with the social contract. In understanding accounting theories, the theory of legitimacy is another important concept. A social contract is not necessarily a written agreement, but is what we understand society expects. This study examines the social and environmental disclosures of BHP Ltd (one of the largest Australian companies) from 1983 to 1997 to ascertain the extent and type of annual report social and environmental disclosures over the period, and whether such disclosures can be explained by the concepts of a social contract and legitimacy theory. 3 Created by Dr G. L. Ilott, CQUniversity Australia These theories were explained and discussed from a corporate social responsibility point of view, this was done by identifying the conditions that best suits these theories. Providing a summary of the case without any discussion of the theory will not fetch marks. Building on the literature review from Assessment Item 1, discuss whether or not the TFV represents a social contract between the accounting profession. The accounting theories are stakeholder theory, social contract theory, legitimacy theory and signalling theory. Read "Social responsibilities of MNCs in downsizing operations A Finnish forest sector case analysed from the stakeholder, social contract and legitimacy theory point of view, Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal" on DeepDyve, the largest online rental service for scholarly research with thousands of academic publications available at your fingertips. Introduction In recent years, corporations have increasingly used their annual reports to voluntarily report information relating to their social actions, particularly those concerning the … Legitimacy Theory relies on the belief that a social contract exists between corporations and society. Learn new Accounting Terms. This paper serves as an introduction to this special issue of Accounting, Auditing & Accountability Journal; an issue which embraces themes associated with social and environmental reporting (SAR) and its role in maintaining or creating organisational legitimacy.In an effort to place this research in context the paper begins by making reference to contemporary trends occurring in social … The assignment must be provided with a cover paper mentioning the name and student numbers of the group members. 2010). This is a group assignment of maximum 3 students. A social contract is important in ensuring that an organization develops good relations with the community. ASSIGNMENT: FINANCIAL ACCOUNTING THEORY. Legitimacy is defined by Lindblom (1992) as: "...a condition or status which exists when an entity's value system is congruent with the value system of the larger social system of which the social system of which the entity is a part. 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