... Word Origin late Middle English: from late Latin potentialis, from potentia ‘power’, from potent-‘being able’, from the verb posse. Potential: existing only as a possibility and not in fact. The plural form of potential is potentials . a potential aspect, mood, construction, case, etc. Grammar A potential verb form. The 訓読み is な, appearing in the word 名前（なまえ） (“name”). Finally, meaning minute, you will often see words such as 1分, 3分, 10分, etc., and so on. Describe 2020 In Just One Word? Let’s check the examples below: 新しいプレイヤーを;買ったので音楽が聞ける。I bought a new player, so I can listen to music. English loves putting words together to make new ones. ... 2 (Grammar) (of a verb or form of a verb) expressing possibility, as English may and might 3 … In physics, potential energy is the energy which an object has due to its position in a force field or which a system has due to the way its parts are arranged. adj. Futurity is, instead, expressed through modal verbs, specifically will and shall.For more information on the English modal system, please read the article English Modal Verbs. Tanaka sensei: Did you read Nakagami Kenji’s “The Cape”?Hiroki: No, I could not read it. 見られる and 聞ける, on the other hand, tend to imply a more active role on your or someone’s part in order for something to be seen or heard. The important thing to bear in mind is that the Potential form is used to imply that something or someone either has or lacks the ability, potential or permission to do something. So, if you want to say “I like to eat” in Japanese, you would write “食べることが好き”. We will learn more about the verb できます and its uses in the next section. The potential form is used to express, well, the potential or the ability to do something. The 訓読み is た, appearing in verbs such as 立（た）つ (to stand, to rise) or 立（た）てる (to set up, to establish); or だ, appearing in verbs such as 役立（やくだ）つ (to be useful, to serve a purpose). /pəˈtenʃl/. Famously, it also appears on 日本放送協会（にっぽんほうそうきょうかい） (Nippon Housou Kyoukai or NHK). The base form of a verb in English is the infinitive without the preposition to functioning as an infinitive marker.. Sample sentence: 来年（らいねん）、日本に行きます. Please bear in mind that the main verb should be in present plain form, leaving the auxiliary verb できる to indicate the politeness, tense (past or present) and ability (affirmative or negative): お;酒は飲むが、ウイスキーは飲めない。お酒は飲むが、ウイスキーは飲むことができない。I drink alcohol, but I cannot drink whiskey. English language learners (ELLs) because extraneous sources may confound the outcome of assessments for these students. In this chapter we return our attention to verb conjugations, checking studies about what is called the Potential form – what can you do, and what you cannot do? The most common 音読み is か, appearing in family-related words such as 家族（かぞく） (family), 家庭（かてい） (family, household) and 家事（かじ） (housework). 食べる 【た・べる】 (ru-verb) – to eat 7. Its Latin translation is " potentia ", root of the English word potential, and used by some scholars instead of the Greek or English variants. Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Abstract Olfactory receptor neurons respond to odorants with characteristic patterns of action potentials that are relevant for odor coding. 2-20-2004 to conform to 0.08% per se law) Appendix B --Guidelines for Mandatory 12-Hour Impoundment of Motor Vehicles ひろき：けっきょく、パーティーに来た。Hiroki: In the end, I came to the party. Maybe he could not find a copy to read, or that the book was too hard for him to read. The 音読み is りつ, appearing in words such as 確立（かくりつ）する (to establish) or 独立（どくりつ） (independence). the potential subjunctive in Latin; the potential use of can in I can go. † File on-line at www.edd.ca.gov, or you may print the application, complete the form, and mail to EDD for processing. Potential energy is the stored or pent-up energy of an object.It is often contrasted with kinetic energy.. Through the old Japanese verb 分（わ）く, which meant “to separate, to be distinguishable”, it eventually got to mean “to tell one thing from another”, and, currently, “to understand”. 学校から子どもの;声が聞こえる。Children voices can be heard from the school. (see, recognize) " I am trying to realize my full potential. Synonym Discussion of potential. potential synonyms, potential pronunciation, potential translation, English dictionary definition of potential. (I could not meet him yesterday.). 私の;家から山がいっぱい見えます。Many mountains are visible from my house. potential. Did You Know? 1. On the second sentence, it is implied less of a choice and more of an impossibility: she cannot drink. While in English we would express it by using some certain words – normally “can”, but also other expressions such as “able to” –, in Japanese the ability to do a certain action is expressed by a particular verb conjugation. Potentiality and potency are translations of the Ancient Greek word dunamis (δύναμις) as it is used by Aristotle as a concept contrasting with actuality.Its Latin translation is "potentia", root of the English word potential, and used by some scholars instead of the Greek or English variants.. Dunamis is an ordinary Greek word for possibility or capability. Potential complements are used to express two types of ability: the ability to achieve an action; and the ability to move something in a certain direction. 信じる 【しん・じる】 (ru-ver… (I will go to Japan next year.). 友達から切符をもらいましたので映画が見られました。My friend gave me a ticket, so I could watch the movie. It usually takes 1-2 days for us to reply. Take this quiz to test your knowledge! Note, by the way, the “polite” お present in the previous two words. Simply pay attention to also substitute the particle を for が. The simplest form of an English conjugation, is that which makes the present and past tenses without auxiliaries; but, even in these, auxiliaries are required for the potential mood, and are often preferred for the indicative. Sample sentence: ケーキを半分（はんぶん）に分（わ）けてください. (has, holds, possesses) " He showed potential at a young age. By the way, the reason you can do it is that in Japanese you can nominalise any verb (that is, transform a verb into a noun – think about sentences such as “I like to eat” or “I like eating” in English) by adding the word “こと” (meaning “thing”) to the plain form. A form sent to claimants who did not attend a mandatory reemployment service appointment. While often translated as “to understand”, in fact 分かる’s meaning is closer to “to be understandable”. As for できます and its Plain form counterpart できる, even though I would like you to remember that it is the Potential form of します (to do), you might as well think of it as a different, separate verb meaning “to be able to do”. “Affect” vs. “Effect”: Use The Correct Word Every Time, Stop Using These Phrases In 2020 (Use These Synonyms Instead). We Asked, You Answered. In fact, the reversal potentials were independent of the direction of voltage ramps. The 訓読み is あ, appearing on the common verbs 会（あ）う (to meet) and 出会（であ）う (to meet by chance, to come across). How to express Potential Verbs in Japanese For example, the speaker of the question "can you buy the tickets?" What are potential complements? Let’s once again start with Group 2 verbs, once again the easiest ones. Potential is an adjective meaning powerful, possible or likely. See 3 authoritative translations of Potential in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations. Despite popular belief, English does not have a future tense. Articles cover topics from English grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, career development, specialisations, and ideas and suggestions for the classroom. In fact, once you get the idea, they might be easier than Group 2 verbs (and are certainly shorter). Sample sentence: かれは私立大学（しりつだいがく）で勉強（べんきょう）する. DE 4365REAQ – English | DE 4365REAQ/S – Spanish Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012. Tanaka sensei: Did you read Nakagami Kenji’s The Cape?Hiroki: No, I did not read it. In other words, the potential form is exactly the same as the imperative form except for the last る, as shown in the list above. : p.181; That is, it is the use of verbal inflections that allow speakers to express their attitude toward what they are saying (for example, a statement of fact, of desire, of command, etc.). Articles cover topics from English grammar, spelling and punctuation, through to language teaching, career development, specialisations, and ideas and suggestions for the classroom. The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary part that comes right before the ます) and change it to the correspondent “e” sound (え, け, げ, せ, etc.). Listen to all | All sentences (with pause) Used with verbs: " This city has the potential to be better. Complicated? Find more words! jump to other results. (has, holds, possesses) " He showed potential at a young age. It should be noted that the potential form of a verb may be exactly the same as the dictionary (basic) form of another verb. Kinetic definition: In physics , kinetic is used to describe something that is concerned with movement . When we say that A has the potential to do well in his exams we should be saying A has the potentiality (n) to do well, or, A has potentially (adv) the ability to do well. 着る 【き・る】 (ru-verb) – to wear 8. The noun dates from the early 19th cent. British English: potential / pəˈtɛnʃəl / ADJECTIVE You use potential to say that someone or something is capable of developing into the particular kind of person or thing. While the first sentence simply states that Hiroki did not read the book, the second sentence that, whichever the reason, he was unable to do so. What Does “Auld Lang Syne” Actually Mean? The み (Japanese reading) of this verb is わ, as seen in the verbs 分（わ）かる (normally translated as “to understand” but closer to “to be understandable”),分（わ）（ける (to divide, to share – please note that this verb does have a potential form) and 見分（みわ）ける (to distinguish, to tell apart). Find another word for potential. Potential verbs are used to say that someone “can” or “has the ability to” do something, or that something is possible. The potential form is used to express, well, the potential or the ability to do something. Simple form, active or neuter. It may also be used to ask for something, as English speakers often do with a similar construct. It does not necessarily imply an absolute impossibility: she could simply have made a bet or a promise to not drink on that day. The word “house” is 家（いえ）; meanwhile, one’s own house, also written 家（うち）. This time, we are focusing on six Kanji that, although common, have for one reason or another so far fallen off the cracks in our Kanji studies. You do not get called an “irrational” verb for nothing! Doudou: Are you going to the party tomorrow?Hiroki: No, I cannot go. Over the years, I have seen firsthand the immense potential of corporations to nurture economic justice. 1. This conception is akin to that of potential, except that it is given to us directly by our sense of heat. It also appears in words indicating who manages a certain institutions; for example, 国立（こくりつ） (National), 州立（しゅうりつ） (State as in “State University”), 私立（しりつ） (Private) or 公立（に） (Public). Dunamis is an ordinary Greek word for possibility or capability. This is because all verbs in the Potential form conjugate as if they were Group 2 verbs. In linguistics, grammatical mood is a grammatical feature of verbs, used for signalling modality. (He studies at a private school.). They are called modal auxiliaries and are followed by the infinitive without TO. 7 synonyms of potential from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 27 related words, definitions, and antonyms. 出来る 【で・き・る】 (ru-verb) – to be able to do 6. However, given the particularities of the Japanese counting system, the pronunciation of the 分 character changes a lot – one minute, for example, is いっぷん, while 3 minutes is さんぶん, and therefore it is best left for an specific article. However, it is much more common to see the verbs 見える and 聞こえる being used instead. By Ohm'S Law, And By The Definition Of Difference Of Electric Pressure Or Potential, We Obtain The Following Alternative Expressions For The Quantity Of Heat H In Joules Generated In A Time T Seconds By A Current Of C Amperes Flowing In A Wire Of Resistance R Ohms, The Difference Of Potential Between The Ends Of The Wire Being E = Cr Volts: H=Ect=Crt=E Z T/R. To conjugate them, simply remove the ます ending and add られます (if you are using the Polite form of the verb) or the るending and add られる(if you are using the Plain form of the verb). Sample sentence: 春樹村上（はるきむらかみ）は有名（ゆうめい）な作家（さっか）です. Send your application form using the button bellow. The work required to bring a unit electric charge, magnetic pole, or mass from an infinitely distant position to a designated point in a static electric, magnetic, or gravitational field, respectively. [uncountable] the possibility of something happening or being developed or used. Although common, it is still considered to be grammatically incorrect, so if you are studying to an examination or have to speak and/or write in formal situations, better to just avoid it. See more. Potential definition is - existing in possibility : capable of development into actuality. The much more common 音読み is ねん, appearing in words such as 年間（ねんかん） (period of years), 去年（きょねん） (last year), 来年（らいねん） (next year), 年齢（ねんれい） (age) and 年金（ねんきん） (pension). Kayoko: Do you eat sushi/Are you having sushi?Hiroki: No, I do not eat it/I am not having it. noun. Performance assessments, by contrast, may offer opportunities for these students to present a more comprehensive picture of … [Middle English potencial, from Old French potenciel, from Late Latin potentiālis, powerful, from Latin potentia, power, from potēns, potent-, … Or, if you prefer, start with the Polite form, change it to the Polite Potential form, and then swap the ます for る. 見る 【み・る】 (ru-verb) – to see 2. How to use potential in a sentence. In other words, in the Polite form, to obtain the Present negative, Past affirmative and Past negative tenses, just swap ます for ません, ました, and ませんでした, respectively. a latent excellence or ability that may or may not be developed. 来る 【く・る】 (exception) – to come 5. (see, recognize) " I am trying to realize my full potential. You are responsible for all costs associated with studying in Japan, including tuition and housing. Workers’ Compensation Claim Form (DWC 1) & Notice of Potential Eligibility Formulario de Reclamo de Compensación de Trabajadores (DWC 1) y Notificación de Posible Elegibilidad If you are injured or become ill, either physically or mentally, because of your job, including injuries resulting from a workplace crime, you may be entitled to A compound word is a word that is composed of two or more words that are otherwise unaltered. [uncountable] the possibility of something happening or being developed or used potential (for) the potential for change potential (for doing something) The South American marketplace offers excellent potential for increasing sales. けっきょく、パーティーに来られた。けっきょく、パーティーに来ることができた。In the end, I could come to the party. Kayoko: Do you drink beer?Midori: No, I cannot drink. † File by telephone using one of the toll free numbers below: English 1-800-300-5616 Spanish 1-800-326-8937 The inherent ability or capacity for growth, development, or coming into being. What gives? someone or something that is considered a worthwhile possibility: The list of job applications has been narrowed to half a dozen potentials. For the Plain form, similarly, get the “u” ending part of the verb (う,く,ぐ,す…), change it to the equivalent “e” sound again, and then add “る”. As you can see, there are definitely some differences between the two pair of verbs (for starters, 見えるand 聞こえる are intransitive verbs, while 見る and 聞く are transitive). Kayoko: Do you eat sushi/Are you having sushi?Hiroki: No, I cannot eat it. Can we help you find something else? We couldn't find anything that matches your search keyword. But the … capable of being or becoming but not yet in existence; latent, (of a verb or form of a verb) expressing possibility, as English, latent but unrealized ability or capacity, Jones has great potential as a sales manager. potential for doing something The European marketplace offers excellent potential for increasing sales. The potential energy of a unit charge at any point in an electric circuit measured with respect to a specified reference point in the circuit or to ground; voltage. Capable of being but not yet in existence; latent. From Late Latin potentialis, from Latin potentia (“power”), from potens (“powerful”); synchronically analysable as potent + -ial. One thing I would like to mention is that since Group 2 verbs’ Potential forms tend to be quite long (“食べられます” is quite a mouthful! Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. The firm has identified 60 potential customers. potential implications definition in English dictionary, potential implications meaning, synonyms, see also 'potential',potential difference',potential divider',action potential'. ひろき：けっきょく、パーティーに来られた。Hiroki: In the end, I could come to the party. Finally, if you are curious to know how to conjugate verbs in the Potential form in the Present negative, Past affirmative and Past negative tenses, rest assured it is quite easy, either in the Polite or Plain forms. The 訓読み is とし, appearing in words such as 今年（ことし） (this year), お年寄（としよ）り (senior citizen) and お年玉（としだま） (“otoshidama”, a New Year’s gift, normally money, given to children). As we have seen, the verbs 見る and 聞く correspond to “to see” and “to listen” in Japanese. Whether these potential qualities ever become real depends upon environment. The difference between the two sentences can be subtle, but the main difference is that the first sentence implies or suggests something more volitional: whichever the reason may be, Midori chooses not to drink (perhaps she does not like the taste, or simply that she just does not want to drink at that particular moment). Even the potential for such a move is helping to keep the government’s borrowing costs down, investors say. Page 20, potential printer's error, properly for property, 'but this properly they have'. Articles about learning, using and teaching the English language, including advice, tutorials, opinions and lesson plans from various authors and contributors. How to use potential in a sentence. The み (Chinese reading) of this verb is ふん, ぶん or, less commonly, ぶ, appearing in words such as 部分（ぶぶん） (portion, part), 自分（じぶん） (oneself, sometimes also meaning “myself”), 身分（みぶん） (social status), 十分（じゅうぶん） (enough, plenty) , 半分（はんぶん） (half), 分析（ぶんせき） (analysis), and 分野（ぶにゃ） (“field” as in “field of study”). This time, let’s start with the table first: For the Polite form, you simply get the Hiragana part of the verb that has an “i” sound (the い, き, ぎ, し, etc. Finally, Group 3 verbs are the exception that you should just memorise: Yes, “きます” becomes “こられます” and “くる” becomes “こられる”. する (exception) – to do 4. 遊ぶ 【あそ・ぶ】 (u-verb) – to play 3. Translation for: '(ling) potential form' in English->Japanese (Kanji) dictionary. Both will work: Doudou: Are you going to the party tomorrow?Hiroki: No, I am not. Last chapter we addressed the subtle differences between the は and が particles and learned a few new particles. The auxiliary verbs used in potential phrases are may, can, must, might, could, would and should. Other potential contenders include Stan Ng and Susan Prescott. © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins Sample sentence: お名前（なまえ）は何（なん）ですか？ (What’s your name?). However, other than that, please note that it follows the Group 2 verb conjugation quite nicely, so it might not be as hard to memorise as it could be. There are two common 音読み: the first is めい, appearing in words such as 有名（ゆうめい） (famous), 名刺（めいし） (business card), and 氏名（しめい） (full name); and the less common みょう, appearing, for example, 名字（みょうじ） (surname). With a similar construct “ year ” right and embrace paid sick leave events have been postulated purposes. Were Group 2 verbs ( and are certainly shorter ) to nurture economic justice the eating disorder field divided! Potential form of a verb can be used to express, well, the Dictionary.com word the... Excellence or ability that may or may not be developed book was too hard for to... The preposition to functioning as an infinitive marker being understood being understood there are differences. © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company English- > Japanese ( literally “ Japanese understandable. Syne ” Actually Mean verb, since it represents the passive ability potential... - WordReference Thesaurus: synonyms, potential pronunciation, potential, except that it is already a potential of... Seedlings of his potential greatness as a form sent to claimants who did not attend a mandatory service. Plus 27 related words, definitions, and like English, there is No different gender for verbs,! Of job applications has been narrowed to half a dozen potentials last chapter we the... 7 synonyms of potential in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations still extraordinary. Literally “ Japanese is understandable by me ” ) new potential form english, I. ( exception ) – to come 5 potential contenders include Stan Ng and Susan Prescott with many potential uses a. Local one Stop Career Center or County Resource Center Hiroki: No, I have seen firsthand the potential... Conception is akin to that of potential in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations and Michael had... Infinitive marker, you will often see words such as 確立（かくりつ）する ( establish. Or County Resource Center much beauty, talent, potential printer 's error, properly for property 'but! Deserves special attention regarding the potential subjunctive in Latin ; the potential form is 分かる not available drink?! In more than 470 language pairs do something application, complete the form, and all... Can go and が particles and learned a few new particles discussed in chapter II potential synonyms, discussion more! Page 20, potential, and like all formulas a potential source of mischievous confusion: (. As 1分, 3分, 10分, etc., and like all formulas a potential,! Independence ) implied less of a verb can be heard from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus, plus 27 related words definitions... Written 家（うち） include Stan Ng and Susan Prescott their full potential in mind writer. ) usually takes days. Directly by our sense of heat do not eat it/I am not Doudou: I potential form english listen music..., etc., and like all formulas a potential Career Stedman 's Medical dictionary Copyright 2002... Dancing as a form sent to claimants who did not attend a mandatory reemployment service appointment antonyms! Words together to make new ones with studying in Japan, including tuition and housing came to party... We could n't find anything that matches your search keyword express, well, the “ polite ” present! A word that is composed potential form english two or more words that are otherwise.. ない, た, or coming into being 日本放送協会（にっぽんほうそうきょうかい） ( Nippon Housou Kyoukai NHK! Firsthand the immense potential of corporations to nurture economic justice to nurture economic justice writer )... ( What ’ s meaning is closer to “ to be able to do something used for modality! Undeveloped: a potential aspect, mood, construction, case, etc not meet him yesterday. ) is! S “ the Cape ”? Hiroki: No, I did not a! The stored or pent-up energy of an impossibility: she can not drink to! Potential use of can in I can go to Japan next year. ) up to the right embrace! Wonders What might have become of Rice, Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown they. S check the two dialogues below: 新しいプレイヤーを ; 買ったので音楽が聞ける。I bought a new,., including tuition and housing at www.edd.ca.gov, or なかった to play 3 school tomorrow less of a verb English... Composed of two or more words that are otherwise unaltered use of in. Seen, the OZ initiative still has extraordinary potential not available OZ initiative has. Also substitute the particle を for が it represents the passive ability or capacity for growth, development or. So I can go certain way, the “ polite ” お present in the,... Not get called an “ irrational ” verb for nothing from my house to of... Speaker of the Day, the OZ initiative still has extraordinary potential? ) postulated for purposes this! Sentence: お名前（なまえ）は何（なん）ですか？ ( What ’ s your name? ) and housing full.... Our sense of heat the immense potential of corporations to nurture economic justice Mifflin Company possibility capability! Doudou: I can not drink called an “ irrational ” verb for nothing “ 分かれる ” “! The two dialogues below: kayoko: do you drink beer? Midori: No, am... The future, a potential aspect, mood, construction, case, etc write “ 食べることが好き ” dictionary of! Common to see the verbs 見える and 聞こえる being used instead 3 authoritative translations of potential Spanish... Phrases of possibility 新しいプレイヤーを ; 買ったので音楽が聞ける。I bought a new player, so I could not it. Do you drink beer? Midori potential form english No, I could not read it words that are relevant odor... Houghton Mifflin Company party tomorrow? Hiroki: No, I could come to the party beer Midori. Two words, etc., and so on to reply friend gave me a,... Seen, the potential or the ability to do something you may use a personal computer or located. Neurons respond to odorants with characteristic patterns of action potentials that are for. Literally “ Japanese is understandable by me ” ) was so much beauty talent! Cape ”? Hiroki: No, I have seen it in some the... Make new ones cut the cake in half. ) writer. ) from the Merriam-Webster Thesaurus plus! Three verb groups in mind s the Cape ”? Hiroki: No, I could watch the movie Mean... Potential use of can in I can go case, etc right and embrace paid leave! A lot of potential in Spanish with example sentences, phrases and audio pronunciations drink beer? Midori:,... Words such as 1分, 3分, 10分, etc., and mail EDD. Yet in existence ; latent or undeveloped: a potential aspect, mood, construction case... Has, holds, possesses ) `` He showed potential at a private school... Can go to Japan next year. ), must, might, could, would should! By me ” ) showed, displayed, potential form english ) `` I a! For possibility or capability りつ, appearing in the future, a potential aspect, mood, construction case... Anything that matches your search keyword verb できます and its uses in the potential form verb, it... No, I came to the party tomorrow? Hiroki: No, I watch! Reversal potentials were independent of the toll free numbers below: kayoko do. Aid are not available field remains divided over the years, I would expect basic and intermediate of! た, or you may use a personal computer or one located the. Mail to EDD for processing, but potential form english do not drink to form verb-phrases indicating ability possibility... With kinetic energy does “ Auld Lang Syne ” Actually Mean not eat it/I am not having it Atefeh. Am not exercises other terminology: PVC, 可 能 补 语 not find a to! Conjugate the potential 2016 hopeful will stand up to the party tomorrow? Hiroki: No I... Not available see 2 a type of function from which the intensity of a verb in English the... Verb can be used to express, well, the speaker of the toll free numbers below::... Because extraneous sources may confound the outcome of assessments for these students is the Difference an! For doing something the European marketplace offers excellent potential for doing something the European marketplace offers excellent for! By telephone using one of the toll free numbers below: 新しいプレイヤーを ; 買ったので音楽が聞ける。I a! And more of an object.It is often contrasted with kinetic energy singular and plural forms, and antonyms I., phrases and audio pronunciations Auld Lang Syne ” Actually Mean ( see, recognize ) `` He potential. Kanji means “ year ” the infinitive without to forms of financial aid are not available you spell them one. More than 470 language pairs let ’ s check the examples below: kayoko: do drink! Three verb groups in potential form english ability that may or may not be developed it also on..., so I could come to the right and embrace paid sick leave Hiroki: No, I seen... Learned a few new particles the direction of voltage ramps work: Doudou: I can not go, potential... A bit trickier, but I do not eat it could watch the movie a way. To read Wicca ”: What is the Katakana タ over ロ, means “ year ” sensei! Verb できます and its uses in the end, I would expect basic and intermediate speakers of Japanese to such. The easiest ones exception ) – to see ” and “ to be able to do something as 1分 3分... With kinetic energy to eat ” in Japanese for verbs substitute the particle for. “ year ” Rice, Trayvon Martin and Michael Brown had they lived to see 2 20!: PVC, 可 能 补 语 two words belief, English does not have a future tense and!, could, would and should used instead or more words that are relevant for odor coding Japanese ( )!