trailer << /Size 67 /Info 12 0 R /Encrypt 16 0 R /Root 15 0 R /Prev 24986 /ID >> startxref 0 %%EOF 15 0 obj << /Pages 13 0 R /Type /Catalog /Outlines 19 0 R /PageMode /UseOutlines /OpenAction 17 0 R /ViewerPreferences << /FitWindow true >> >> endobj 16 0 obj << /Filter /Standard /V 1 /R 2 /O (g���P�ʟ9IL2R1�>�&�\\���* J��) /U (���mW�@��/ᱭD��0�%�`'�}�b) /P -12 >> endobj 17 0 obj << /S /GoTo /D [ 18 0 R /Fit ] >> endobj 65 0 obj << /S 93 /O 192 /Filter /FlateDecode /Length 66 0 R >> stream CHEMICAL (VOC) SAMPLING PROCEDURE ',9,6,21 2) ENVIRONMENTAL HEALTH 2)),&( 2) 'RINKING WATER STEP SEVEN When the vial is nearly full, tilt the vial to the vertical position to fill it completely. Does Molekule remove toluene? The solvent, also known as paint thinner, is used to dissolve the binder and the pigment together and to keep them soft and workable for normal use. The results show that complete VOC (toluene and methyl ethyl ketone) combustion is achieved at temperatures much lower than those required in conventional monolith reactors. Toluene is also a VOC, or volatile organic compound, which means it tends to evaporate into the air. Thus toluene processed by a Molekule device ceases to be toxic. The ability to dissolve a material and evaporate after application has made toluene useful in inks, adhesives, lacquers, fragrances, cleaning supplies and other similar products. There has not been any evidence of toluene causing cancer to date and the EPA does not classify it as a possible carcinogen. 0000012781 00000 n This ozone mixes with fine dust particles and other materials to form smog. Although ozone is beneficial to the upper atmosphere, ground-level ozone is an irritant that causes problems for humans, animals and plants. Toluene is used as a solvent, especially for paints, coatings, gums, oils and resins, and as raw material in the production of benzene, phenol and other organic solvents and in the production of polymers and rubbers. 0000001583 00000 n Understanding where these chemicals come from, and their threshold limits, is critical to both environmental protection and staying healthy. Sources of toluene in the home are most likely to be solvent-based products such as paints and lacquers. 0000002530 00000 n However, the challenge is that there are hundreds of VOCs out there. Its stability and insensitivity make it much more practical than other explosives like dynamite and is primarily used for military purposes. ?��Q�Q�\�9`�x�X��p�֮��\z�`A*�兠H1�F4��l� ����o������'���1��LGaJ �ï�p7mE. However, exposure to toluene, even in the short term, can lead to serious health issues. 0000003760 00000 n Sometimes referred to as atmospheric photochemicals, another reason they are dangerous is that they exist at room temperature, meaning they are likely in the air all the time. What Is PM 2.5 and How Can You Reduce Your Exposure? Chemical Status; Reproductive Toxicity: Currently listed. 0000005805 00000 n TVOC is a grouping of a wide range of organic chemical compounds to simplify reporting when these are present in ambient air or emissions. Carbon filtration is a safe and fairly effective method to reduce VOC concentrations, but you should ensure that the carbon filter is changed on time. Chemical Listing Details. Each jurisdiction or country may have different official definitions for VOCs depending on whether the VOCs are indoor VOCs or outdoor VOCs. Many substances, such as natural gas, could be classified as volatile organic compounds (VOCs). The dry and dusty pigment is what gives paint its color, and the binder is a lot like glue that becomes hard when it dries. To be safe, you can remove toluene and other VOCs in your air with an air purifier. This effectively restricts toluene to use only as an industrial feedstock rather than a solvent. Explosives: One of the most well-known explosives is trinitrotoluene, or TNT, and is made from toluene. Toluene, benzene and styrene are volatile organic compounds (VOCs) widely distributed in the environment. The oxidation of a molecule like toluene essentially converts it into harmless substances like carbon dioxide and water. A mono-substituted derivative of benzene which has worldwide sales of over 25 billion in US dollars. Xylene will also remove certain adhesives, and is an excellent solvent for cleaning tools and equipment immediately after use. That smell that drives the moths away is due to dichlorobenzene, a VOC commonly found in moth repellents and other deodorizers. However, some volatile organic substances may be excluded from the definition of VOCs due to their low concern. More information about Toluene. As such, its IUPAC systematic name is methylbenzene. The oxidation of a molecule like toluene essentially converts it into harmless substances like carbon dioxide and water. The aim of the present study was to investigate whether toluene, benzene and styrene can induce inflammatory reactions in lung cells and to characterize possible … 0000009299 00000 n Female Reproductive Toxicity: Date of Listing: 08/07/2009 . After passing through the PECO-filter, little remains of toluene apart from carbon dioxide and water. A VOC is any compound that contains carbon and reacts with nitrogen oxides in the presence of sunlight to form ground-level ozone, a pollutant regulated by U.S. EPA. However, the catalytic system exhibits the … This means that if you think the smell is strong, it is definitely best to leave the room and increase ventilation by opening a door or window. The best way to avoid toluene exposure in the home is to not buy any products that off-gas toluene. Toluene is one of a diverse, group of chemicals known as volatile organic compounds (VOCs), which can be released as a gas into indoor air at room temperatures. 0000012088 00000 n Titolo minimo 99,5 %. The effects of exposure to any hazardous substance depend on the dose, the duration, how you are exposed, personal traits and habits, and whether other chemicals are present. Molekule’s PECO-filter is coated with a catalyst activated by light inside the device. Toluene, also known as toluol, is an aromatic hydrocarbon. Breathing low levels of VOCs … The PECO-filter does not just stick to VOCs like toluene, it breaks them down on the molecular level into carbon dioxide and water. 0000003257 00000 n 0000002052 00000 n Fuel: As you may have guessed from its role in the synthesis of explosives, toluene contains a lot of energy that is released when it burns. XYLENE/TOLUENE REPLACEMENT ZERO VOC - CARB / SCAQMD. The smell of toluene is detectable at a concentration of 8ppm, which is far below any dangerous levels (200 ppm is considered hazardous by OSHA). 0000003423 00000 n Toluene is the raw material for a range of other aromatic chemicals such as benzaldehyde, benzoic acid and dyes. 0000003892 00000 n Toluene is a very common substance in our modern world. There is usually no detailed list of VOCs. To learn more about toluene and other VOCs, check out our blogs on the how VOCs affect your children, how Molekule destroys VOCs, or the best air purifiers for VOCs. 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