for the "voice of customer". It got into conflict with the British East India Company, for obvious reasons: they were both going for the same thing. Learn how your comment data is processed. VOC is a method of capturing the needs and desires of the customer to assure customers get high quality services or products. VOC: Victim Offender Conferencing (various locations) VOC: Vaso-Occlusive Crisis: VOC: Volatile Organic Contaminant: VOC: Video Operations Center: VOC: Vendor of Choice: VOC: Voltage Open Circuit: VOC: Very Old Cognac: VOC: Virtual Operations Center (web-based unit management system) VOC: V O Chidambaram (Indian political figure) VOC: Volunteer Officer Candidate (US Navy) VOC ; What does VOC mean? What this meant in practice was that the VOC did not have enough liquidity to finance its operations for the last seventy years it was active- it relied on short terms loans to do so. Until the 1780s, the Dutch East India Company ( VOC) was the largest organisation in the shipping traffic between Europe and Asia. This, along with its worldwide reach and transnational employees, is among the reasons the VOC is viewed as a forerunner of modern-day multinational corporations. One problem was that it brought all the goods it traded between Asia and Europe first to its trading posts in Asia to be sorted or stored. In Indonesia, there were three wars between the Dutch and the Javanese at times of succession, as the VOC tried to increase their influence in the area by placing their people at the top. Some have distinct odors, or aren’t concentrated enough for … Or use our Unscramble word solver to find your best possible play! Paints, varnishes, and waxes all have volatile organic compounds, which, as its name implies, can be harmful. Of course, many of them did: the VOC suffered huge amounts of corruption among its employees, mostly because making the journey to Asia wouldn’t have been financially worth it for them without this extra income. The VOC creates the shareholding system (and also global capitalism). part of a patient's medical history in which questions are asked in an attempt to find out whether the patient has hereditary tendencies toward particular diseases anamnesis , medical history , medical record You might also be wondering what exactly happened to this company to make it collapse in 1800- after all, controlling a lot of the spice trade gives a company a fairly hefty advantage. This collection of innovations meant that the VOC could mobilise wealth in a way that only monarchies could before, giving it the sort of unprecedented power we see massive companies like Google and Shell making use of today. After reading it, I was thinking that it might be a nice addition to add a few paragraphes on the VOC/NL in Japan and how that relationship unfolded, as it is quite different how that situation unfolded. This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. What does history mean? Let’s just say that again: the VOC decided to pay its shareholders more than it made. Sounds nice and simple, but the VOC soon became the very first conglomerate company: which is a fancy way of saying they did a bunch of different things (like shipbuilding, slave trading, and colonisation) under the same company name. Vendor of Choice. But the presence of the VOC heightened the demand for slave labour, so just because slave labour was part of life in some Asian countries before their presence, the VOC is not absolved of guilt. Looking for the definition of VOC? Another problem was its staff. The Latin root word voc and its variant vok both mean “call.” This podcast’s “calling” will most certainly increase your vocabulary!. 'Nip it in the butt' or 'Nip it in the bud'. The VOC was ostensibly founded after a Dutch ship returned from South East Asia filled with very profitable spices in 1596. Dutch Colonialism, Migration and Cultural Heritage – Gert Oostindie, Dutch South Africa: Early Settlers at the Cape – John Hunt, Four hundred years on: the public commemoration of the founding of the VOC in 2002 – Leonard Blussé. In the 1660s conflicts broke out between the Khoikhoi and the Dutch, and the Dutch burghers expanded their farms outwards. This meant that other companies were making faster journeys and providing fresher goods- never a good thing. VOC is a way to gather evidence that an operator’s skills are up to an acceptable standard. At the end of the wars, the Cape Colony was formally handed over to the British, whose colony it remained a part of until 1931. What did you already know about the VOC? A business? Enjoy. Museums have begun the process of returning stolen objects to their countries of origin. In 1604, the Dutch East India Company (VOC) began trading in India. Elements of Gaelic Grammar | Alexander Stewart The name Voc is that of a species of bird (Cakchiquel Vaku). Even cosmetics, mothballs, air fresheners and household cleaning supplies contain VOCs. They encouraged divisions between the different kingdoms in the Indonesian archipelago (again, you’ve undoubtedly heard of the phrase divide and conquer before), and took part in two wars against the kings of Mataram and Banten. And in a world where international power is still glamorised and coveted, it is understandable (if not excusable) that a lot of people want to nostalgically hold on to the memory of the VOC. Low-VOC or zero-VOC paints typically contain VOC content of less than 5 grams per liter. Please look for them carefully. Universities have begun the complicated process of decolonising their curricula, and the Amsterdam Museum has made the decision to drop the phrase “Golden Age” from its permanent exhibition texts. VOC the abrev. Delivered to your inbox! The VOC (in Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) was established in 1602 as a chartered company, whose goal was to trade with Mughal India, where the majority of Europe’s cotton and silk in this period originated from. At first, Dutch settlers in South Africa were massively outnumbered by the local Khoikhoi population: for context, there were 200 Europeans and about 20,000 Khoikhoi. From 1799, the VOC’s contract was not renewed, and it ceased to exist. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He's making a quiz, and checking it twice... Test your knowledge of the words of the year. Possible VOC meaning as an acronym, abbreviation, shorthand or slang term vary from category to category. If you’ve been living in the Netherlands for a couple of months, or you have some knowledge of this flat country, you’ll have heard of the VOC, or the Dutch East India Company. In Adjectives beginning with a Labial or a Palatal, the aspirated form alone is used in the gen. and voc. The VOC and the exchange – Henk den Heijer et al. There were a bunch of problems with how the VOC operated in Asia- a couple of which had been advantageous to it in the early days. After the VOC collapsed in 1800 (more on this later) the VOC’s trading posts and colonies in the Indonesian archipelago became nationalised as the Dutch East Indies. VOC abbreviation for volatile organic compound: one of a number of chemicals, including benzene and acetone, that evaporate or vaporize readily and are harmful to human health and the environment … But when we’re considering the VOC as an entity, we also need to look at what was surrounding it at the time. 'All Intensive Purposes' or 'All Intents and Purposes'? VOCs are a category of air pollutant mainly from industrial processes and automobiles, which have a wide range of reactivity in the atmosphere. The VOC’s wealth (adjusted for inflation) was enormous. What was happening in the Netherlands when the VOC was in operation? Given that the VOC was so big, you would imagine that its end would have been quite catastrophic to the status of the Netherlands worldwide. It had just declared its independence from Spain in 1581, forming the Dutch Republic. Did we miss anything? Besides catering to her army of pannenkoekenplantjes, Ailish spends her days convincing her friends that all food is better slightly burnt, plotting ways to hang out with dogs and cats, and of course, writing for DutchReview. Soon after, in 1795, the territory was ceded to the British, when the Netherlands was invaded during the Napoleonic Wars. We're constantly hunting for the latest, greatest, and most Dutch spots for our readers. As we have already mentioned, the VOC started off operating in India, and in South Asia in general. One of the problems with how the VOC is talked about in the Netherlands is that people aren’t really sure what it was. By using this form you agree with the storage and handling of your data by this website. However, city water also will have VOC levels, though you will not see them in high abundance. VOCs are … Not all of these locations were the sites of permanent settlements or even permanent trading posts: but listing them all here gives us a sense of how massive this company was. The VOC is considered the first modern multinational company, and first made use of many of the features we associate with modern corporations: think shareholders, corporate identity, legal personhood, separation of ownership and management, and so on. This doesn’t mean, though, that what we intuitively consider colonisation wasn’t taking place before this nationalisation process, though. In contrast, the English East India Company would trade directly between Europe and, for example, China. This had, of course, been an advantage for the VOC in the beginning of its trading journey, because they had had a better understanding of Asia commercially in a centralised place than their competitors did. By allowing members of the public to invest in the company (rather than in things the company was doing, as had been the previous methodology for gathering money). Moreover, some of these slaves would have been already enslaved by their local community. What is my risk of VOC exposure? Please tell us where you read or heard it (including the quote, if possible). The VOC (in Dutch: Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie) was established in 1602 as a chartered company, whose goal was to trade with Mughal India, where the majority of Europe’s cotton and silk in this period originated from. Part of the reason this process of reckoning is taking so long is that for a lot of Dutch people, the VOC’s trading prowess coincided, and in part caused, the “Golden Age” of the Dutch Republic to occur. In the Cape, colonisation took place over almost two centuries. A force for bureaucracy in the world? VOC. How did such a transnational company work in the age before instant communication? If you are dissatisfied with the website or any content or materials on it, your sole exclusive remedy is to discontinue your use of the website. It basically formed Amsterdam as a financial capital of the contemporary world. A force for colonisation? Modern homes are being built to be more efficient, and are often designed to improve the efficacy of heating and cooling systems. As we move into an era where colonialism is (happily) viewed as a negative thing, the image of the VOC in the Netherlands has become complicated and fraught with conflict. Because of the weird space the VOC occupied- part company, part state- its trade objectives often aligned with military objectives. The VOC was, frankly put, a terrible employer (like many modern-day multinational companies): it offered low wages and forbade its staff to engage in private trading, meaning they had no opportunity to increase their wages legally. If you have found material on this website which is copyrighted by others, please contact the webmaster on this matter in order to have it removed. Great article! Slaves mostly were taken from Ceylon, Madagascar and Malaya. Commanders of Dutch East India ships in … The case of the relatives of colonial victims in Indonesia will be heard in court. 'Volatile Organic Compound' is one option -- get in to view more @ The Web's largest and most authoritative acronyms and abbreviations resource. Where did the Dutch East India Company operate? Today, it affects the national image of the Netherlands and the people who make this country up. The VOC was also an instrument of war. It was from the islands that the VOC obtained most of its spices: salt, pepper, nutmeg, cloves and cinnamon. Because the population was mostly male, it had to be constantly renewed with new slaves. Browse our Scrabble Word Finder, Words With Friends cheat dictionary, and WordHub word solver to find words that contain voc. In 1814, after the Congress of Vienna, some of the Netherlands’ territories in Asia were returned to it, and these became colonies of the Netherlands, pure and simple. Get the top VOC abbreviation related to Networking. From the annual Zwarte Piet debates to the Mauritshuis’ decision to take down the bust of its colonial founder, the country is slowly (very slowly) coming to terms with its past. In their operations in South Africa, the VOC specifically transported slaves from other regions to exploit while building their colony. Good article!! Although states are allowed to set more stringent limits on consumer products sold within their borders, California is the only state that has done so as of this date.VOC-content limits for consu… A VOC is an organic substance which can be vaporized by small changes in temperature or pressure. You have entered an incorrect email address! What made you want to look up voc? For example, in Jakarta, then known as Batavia by the Dutch, the VOC began to grow cash crops there in the early seventeenth century. It was, in fact, far more than a company- it was also a war machine. But the Khoikhoi were truly defeated by the arrival of smallpox on the shores of South Africa- a familiar story to anyone well versed in the history of colonisation. As much as modern-day corporations like Google and Shell have way too much power, the VOC was a whole different level. I am not a businessperson, but this is unequivocally a bad idea. Quite an ambitious move, considering that the Spanish had the force of half of Europe behind them, considering how much of the continent they controlled at the time. The EPA regulates 23 volatile organic compounds, meaning city water suppliers are required to monitor these. After realising that if they annoyed this group, they could easily be kicked out, they decided on importing slaves from Mauritius and the Dutch East Indies. Let us know in the comments below! What do you need to know about the Netherlands? The truth is that it was all these things, and more. Volatile Organic Compounds, or VOCs, are common chemical compounds that have a high vapor pressure at room temperature, meaning they evaporate at high rates inside. Thank you for sharing with a part of awesome Dutch history. Given this vulnerability, you can see the advantages of drawing wealth from outside the tiny Dutch Republic, and using it to shore up the newly established country against foreign control (while, of course, controlling other countries- but we’re not talking about morality or even ideological consistency here). What was going on in the Netherlands that would have made this massive company worth investing in? Accessed 31 Dec. 2020. What was the VOC? It doesnât require balancing a ball on your nose. “Voc.” Merriam-Webster.com Dictionary, Merriam-Webster, https://www.merriam-webster.com/dictionary/voc. (1) This includes any such organic … except those designated by EPA as having negligible photochemical reactivity2 This only makes the question of how it held itself together more interesting. In the early 1600s, the VOC became the first company to be listed on the stock exchange. By the late seventeenth century, the VOC had become deeply embroiled in the internal politics of Jakarta, despite their initial intentions to not get involved in domestic affairs. The VOC also took part in slavery and slave trading during its two hundred years of activity. Most of the slaves who ended up in the Cape came from either East Africa, or the VOC’s territories in the Dutch East Indies. Definition of history in the Definitions.net dictionary. For example in 1667, when the Treaty of Breda was signed, ending the war with Britain, the VOC acquired sole control over the nutmeg trade. VOCs react with nitrogen oxides – particularly on hot summer days – to form smog. To safeguard these crops, the VOC also took over the surrounding territory, increasing their power in the area. However, as time progressed into the eighteenth century, cracks began to show in the VOC’s commercial prowess. © 2019 All Rights Reserved. Image: Ailish was born in Sydney, Australia, but grew up by a forest in south-east Ireland, which she has attempted to replace with a living room filled with plants in The Hague. Meaning of history. Eventually, things would have to change. Batavia: Een koloniale samenleving in de 17de eeuw – Hendrik Niemeijer. Dutch East India Company, byname of United East India Company, Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, trading company founded in the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands) in 1602 to protect that state’s trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in the Dutch war of independence from Spain. The VOC was granted a government charter, which effectively guaranteed it the right to the spice trade monopoly in East Asia. Here’s all you need to know, Rotterdam police force under investigation for racism following violent arrest. A lot of people were offended by this association of the VOC with purely positive characteristics- without acknowledging the harm it caused over its two centuries of operation. What does VOC stand for in Environment? Can you spell these 10 commonly misspelled words? In the strict definition, as relates to quality function deployment (QFD), the term customer indicates the external customer of the supplying entity. According to APICS the definition of VOC is: Actual customer descriptions in words for the functions and features customers desire for goods and services. Ashley: This place is VOC friendly. All material on this website (DutchReview) is strictly copyright and all rights reserved. Cape in South Africa, the VOC and the Dutch, and checking it twice... test your Knowledge the. From 1799, the aspirated form alone is used in the VOC also part. You for sharing with a Labial or a Palatal, the number of slaves really picked up when took! 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