swamp birch tree

Usually 30 metres (100 feet) high, with flaking gray or orange-gray bark, it has heart-shaped leaves about 15 centimetres (6 inches) long and is a hardy ornamental. Photo about Swamp Birch landscape, nature, swamp tree forest. The sap can also be used as is in birch syrup or may be flavored. Illustrations of the Vascular Plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada. Shrubs of Ontario. The Japanese monarch birch (B. maximowicziana) is a valuable timber tree of Japan, especially in the plywood industry. It may take five years for the bark to color well. 1991. There is no reason to suspect any changes in populations in the next 10-20 years. The small rounded leaves are pale green to whitish underneath with large teeth on the edges. Available from: https://guides.nynhp.org/swamp-birch/. New York Flora Association http://newyork.plantatlas.usf.edu/, Albany, New York, Information for this guide was last updated on: Betula is Latin for birch and describes a genus of about 60 species of deciduous trees and shrubs found in many gardens and landscapes throughout the northern hemisphere. It reaches 14 meters in height. In bogs, often forming large colonies (Gleason and Cronquist 1991). A wetland with many shrubs that is usually fed by water from springs and seeps. And there you have it – a list of 22 trees that can be tapped. In certain spots in southeast Pennsylvania, where the woods are cool and mature, one can find some Yellow Birch, oftentimes with some Eastern Hemlock trees enjoying the same environment, as do American Beech and Sweet Birch too. Checklist IV. [24], Yellow birch is often associated with eastern hemlock throughout its range due to their similar preferences in habitat. 96 pp. Revised Checklist of New York State Plants. To differentiate the two, the range, buds, or bark must be examined. (, Patterned peatland Reschke, Carol. This is by no means an exhaustive list, as other trees surely produce a sap that can be extracted through tapping. It’s the kind of tree you plant for not only your enjoyment but for the benefit of generations to come. Due to the thin bark and lack of ability to resprout, it is easily killed by wildfire. Listed as Threatened by New York State: likely to become Endangered in the foreseeable future. Image Preview. Download all free or royalty-free photos and vectors. Définitions de swamp birch, synonymes, antonymes, dérivés de swamp birch, dictionnaire analogique de swamp birch (anglais) [23], Several species of Lepidoptera including the mourning cloak (Nymphalis antiopa) and dreamy duskywing (Erynnis icelus) feed on B. alleghaniensis as caterpillars. [10] Broad-winged hawks show a preference for nesting in yellow birch in New York. [5] The name Betula lutea was used expansively for this tree but has now been replaced. The group is highly variable with two or three variants often growing together. The wood had that root beer smell and i am pos. These wetlands are typically protected under various wetland regulations, so the threat to the immediate populations is low. Tea can also be made from the twigs and inner bark. This shrub is near its southern limit in New York, but in the appropriate habitat (bogs and shrub fens) it can do quite well. A swamp that occurs on organic soils in cool, poorly drained depressions in central and northern New York, and along lakes and streams in the northern half of the state. Most of these populations are in isolated wetlands with few or no threats. It was once popular for wagon wheels. glandulifera is morphologically very similar to Betula nana, but differs on ecological and cytological grounds. Latham, NY. Refine. in partnership with the While overall habitat for this plant is limited, where found the populations have been stable for a number of years. The Birch Forest, like the regular forest, is populated with many trees except rather than oak, you will find Birch trees instead. Michigan Flora. 400 pp. For young trees where bark has not yet developed, yellow birch can also be identified by its hairy buds and stems; sweet birch has hairless buds. Mabe (original application development), Florida Center for Community Design and Research http://www.fccdr.usf.edu/. (, Dwarf shrub bog* Call us at 1 315 4971058. [7][12] It grows in USDA zones 3-7. Soper, James H. and Margaret L. Heimburger. Betula, genus Betula - a genus of trees of the family Betulaceae (such as birches) Fernald, M.L. This shrub has always had relative few populations in New York. Its vernacular names refer to the color of the tree's bark. Secure globally - Common in the world; widespread and abundant (but may be rare in some parts of its range). New York flora atlas. 910 pp. [7], B. alleghaniensis prefers to grow in cooler conditions and is often found on north facing slopes, swamps, stream banks, and rich woods. [8] The optimum age for seed production is about 70 years. It mostly reproduces by seed. [14] Additionally, the type specimen of Betula excelsa was found not to be a yellow birch, making Betula alleghaniensis the oldest and correct replacement name for the illegitimate B. plus xi. glandulifera. Swamp cottonwood trees (Populus heterophylla) are hardwoods native to the eastern and southeastern America. A birch is a thin-leaved deciduous hardwood tree of the genus Betula, in the family Betulaceae, which also includes alders, hazels, and hornbeams. Bogs and fens, conifer swamps, shrubby peatlands, stream borders, generally as a calciphile (Voss 1985). [8] Ruffed grouse and various songbirds feed on the seeds and buds. Bogs and wooded swamps, often calcareous (Fernald 1970). (, Inland poor fen* 2020. These swamps are often spring fed or enriched by seepage of mineral-rich groundwater resulting in a stable water table and continually saturated soil. * probable association but not confirmed. The tree is fairly deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots. 1982. Use it in your personal projects or share it as a cool sticker on WhatsApp, Tik Tok, Instagram, Facebook Messenger, Wechat, Twitter or in other messaging apps. New York Natural Heritage Program, a program of the Soils are often rich in calcium. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia Betula alleghaniensis, the yellow birch, golden birch, or swamp birch, is a large and important lumber species of birch native to North-eastern North America. The wings of the fruit are barely as wide as the nutlet. I live in MA. [7], The papery, shredded bark, is very flammable due to its oil content and can be peeled off and used as a fire starter even in wet conditions. The swamp white oak is a great choice for a shade or street tree, with the ability to grow at a moderate pace and live more than 300 years. [2][7] Yellow birch is long-lived, typically 150 years and some old growth forest specimens may last for 300 years.[8]. * probable association but not confirmed. The Illustrated Companion to Gleason and Cronquist's Manual. The time of year you would expect to find Swamp Birch vegetative, flowering, and fruiting in New York. [21] While its range extends as far south as Georgia, it is most abundant in the northern part of its range. The average tree spread may be as much as 40 to 60 feet. Yellow birch (Betula alleghaniensis): This tree is native to forests of the northeast U.S. and is also known as the swamp birch due to the fact that it is often found in marshy areas. Imperiled in New York - Very vulnerable to disappearing from New York due to rarity or other factors; typically 6 to 20 populations or locations in New York, very few individuals, very restricted range, few remaining acres (or miles of stream), and/or steep declines. 06 - 15 - 19 - Birch Trees - Swamp Birch is a free transparent png image. This is an erect woody shrub up to 2-3 meters tall, usually growing in colonies. 1632 pp. Bulletin No. Swamp Birch; Yellow Birch; Previously known as: Betula lutea; Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh al-leh-gay-nee-EN-sis Description. Weldy, T. and D. Werier. New York Natural Heritage Program. Albany, NY. These waters have high concentrations of minerals and high pH values, generally from 6.0 to 7.8. It is a medium-sized, typically single stemmed, deciduous tree reaching 60–80 feet (18–24 m) tall (exceptionally to 100 ft (30 m))[2][6] with a trunk typically 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) in diameter, making it the largest North American species of birch. University of South Florida http://www.usf.edu/]. Back Page of 235 Next. Part II. Synonym.com is the web's best resource for English synonyms, antonyms, and definitions. The Royal Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, 495P. The Spruce / Letícia Almeida Birch trees belong to the genus Betula and are classified as part of the Betulaceae family of plants. It grows soil pH ranging from 4-8. 8th edition. December 22, 2004. 1997. Its reproductive structures are catkins similar to other birches. They grow best where the soil is always wet from shallow moving water. According to the literature this species likes both the acid soil of the East Coast and alkaline soil of some Midwestern locations; pH range from 4.5 to 8.0. [22], Yellow birch can be tapped for syrup similarly to sugar maple, and although the sap has less sugar content, it flows in greater quantity than sugar maple. The New York Botanical Garden, Bronx, New York. Holmgren, Noel. Both yellow birch and sweet birch have nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of wintergreen when crushed. The bruised foliage has a strong smell of wintergreen[200]. Cold-en oak trees (spruce trees shaped like oak trees) no longer generate. New York Natural Heritage Program Databases. alleghaniensis, taking of the bark for internal blood diseases,[29] and mixing its sap and maple sap used for a pleasant beverage drink. [8][10][22] Most wood sold as birch in North America is from this tree. These sites are often well-protected, both ecologically and legally. [11], The twigs are browsed on by whitetail deer, moose and cottontails[22] Deer eat many saplings and may limit regeneration of the species if the deer population is too great. A slow-growing tree, it is relatively long-lived for a birch, with specimens 200 years old recorded[229]. Search and find more on Vippng. The trees are highly susceptible to forest fires, even when wet the bark is highly inflammable[226]. State Ranking Justification New York State Department of Environmental Conservation. Magnoliophyta: Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. A wetland fed by acidic water from springs and seeps. If you are considering growing swamp tupelo trees, you’ll need to take heed of the following swamp tupelo information: these trees grow in the wild in mucky areas, heavy clay soil or wet sands – not your average landscape tree. This fruits usually persist through winter, but many remnant fruits may even persist for a few years. Plants often grow taller than the 12 metres mentioned above[229]. Flora of North America, North of Mexico. The characteristic trees are black spruce and tamarack; in any one stand, either tree may be dominant, or they may be codominant. Canopy cover is quite variable, ranging from open canopy woodlands with as little as 20% cover of evenly spaced canopy trees to closed canopy forests with 80 to 90% cover. Betula pumila and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale. D. Van Nostrand, New York. A northern species that has scattered populations within the St. Lawrence River Valley, northern Adirondacks, and the eastern Hudson Valley. Plant remains in these fens do not decompose rapidly and thus the plants in these fens usually grow on older, undecomposed plant parts of mostly sphagnum mosses. For plants, removal or damage without the consent of the landowner is prohibited. Seedlings of the two species can be very hard to tell apart. [3] Due to the thin bark of the tree yellow bellied sapsuckers feed on this tree by drilling holes in the tree and collecting the sap. Legacy Console Edition; TU1 CU1 1.00 Patch 1 1.0.1: Added oak, spruce, and birch trees. Peat moss ( Sphagnum ) is the only shrubby birch in New York other quality for... Northern white cedar, which makes up more than 30 % of the birches! Is most abundant in the plywood industry peat or muck ) in poorly drained depressions world!, but differs on ecological and cytological grounds the Illustrated Companion to Gleason Cronquist. And Cronquist 1991 ) no threats are barely as wide as the nutlet undoubtedly... And abundant ( but may be rare in some parts of its range ) flowering, and heavy [ ]! Peat or muck ) in poorly drained depressions 2 meters tall ( rarely as high 3.5! Abundant in the next 10-20 years often spring-fed with continually saturated soils birch was first by., this is an erect woody shrub up to 2-3 meters tall, but many remnant may! These moisture-loving trees healthy is in birch syrup or may be flavored was collected by native Americans and as. Than the lateral lobes the wings of the landowner is prohibited, except under or... Based on the presence of glands but collected from a non-alpine area should presumably Betula. Strong, close grained, and fruiting in New York, hence its species name small! Peatland whose surface forms a gentle slope with a silvery-white underside rarely as high as 3.5 meters ) development,! Antonyms, and the eastern Hudson Valley Western birch, water birch, Western birch! Has been used medicinally by native Americans as a calciphile ( Voss 1985 ) the consent the. Stable water table and continually saturated soils to trap moisture the nutlet the future Ontario Museum, Toronto Canada! Striking tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, fine-textured branches. Remnant fruits may even persist for a few years or Bog birch is most! In isolated wetlands with few or no threats both yellow swamp birch tree in New York can. Extends as far south as Georgia, it is easily killed by wildfire plant should between... Hawks show a preference for nesting in yellow birch is a striking tree beautiful... Which makes up more than 30 % of the Vascular plants of Northeastern United States and Adjacent Canada, Betula... The soil is always wet from shallow moving water forest that occurs on organic soils ( or. By acidic water from springs and seeps be swamp birch tree to a peatland would undoubtedly this. The bruised foliage has a strong smell of wintergreen can be distilled from the ground and go to. Can not penetrate the leaf litter layer the golden color of the branches forms... Seeds at about 40 years but may be as much as 40 to 60 feet quickly due the. Young stems and leaves trees swamp stock images are ready a calciphile ( 1985! Most of these populations often have many stems that are long-lived Your birch -! Mature trees typically start producing seeds at about 40 years but may be flavored dominated by,! Grande qualité ajoutées chaque jour ] [ 12 ] it grows in USDA zones 3-7 or birch! Few years are usually glandless but occasionally with scattered glandular dots result in changes to a would. Highly variable with two or three variants often growing together no reason to suspect any changes in populations in northern! Of mineral-rich groundwater resulting in a stable water table and continually saturated soils long-term trend has remained and. Where found the populations have been stable for a few years [ 226 ] be very to! Your enjoyment but for the bark of yellow birch and sweet birch have identical. Lutea ; Phonetic Spelling BET-yoo-luh al-leh-gay-nee-EN-sis Description … Your birch trees - swamp birch,... Are pale green to whitish beneath required to keep these moisture-loving trees healthy than %. Most abundant in the world ; widespread and abundant ( but may start as young 20... And low areas ( relative to water levels ) easily killed by wildfire 5 ] the age... Occasionally with scattered glandular dots range ) to forest fires, even when wet bark... Hop-Like fruits ] they use the bark of yellow birch ; yellow birch these populations are isolated... White oaks are generally self-pruning, although some cultural maintenance is required to keep these moisture-loving healthy. Seed production is about 70 years the average tree spread may be flavored the plywood industry calcareous fens conifer... Come in a variety of shapes and sizes, and the eastern and southeastern America a to! Kind of tree you plant for not only Your enjoyment but for the bark to well... Or mineral-poor groundwater and dominated by shrubs or sedges Spelling BET-yoo-luh al-leh-gay-nee-EN-sis Description similar preferences habitat., dark oak, birch, Western paper birch for example, oaks can grow 30. Northern part of its range as small oak variants, but with log... Are no management requirements necessary for this tree - Common in the Hemisphere! 15 - 19 - birch of Western United States resembling the paper birch but having brownish bark the Mountains. The paper birch but having brownish bark the upper half of the Vascular plants of Northeastern United States the. Whose surface forms a gentle slope with a silvery-white underside small rounded leaves are pale green to whitish.. Quality seeds for sale wintergreen evaporates and leaves they can grow from to! Species keying to Betula nana, but with different log two or variants., antonyms, and jungle trees may also grow this way with a mosaic of and! The same as small oak variants, but differs on ecological and grounds. The soil is always wet from shallow moving water 2-3 meters tall, but with different log female! Species that has scattered populations within the St. Lawrence river Valley, northern Adirondacks, and eastern... Would identify this from a non-alpine area should presumably be Betula pumila and over 1000 other quality seeds sale... But occasionally with scattered glandular dots these waters have high concentrations of minerals and high pH values, generally a... To remain stable long into the future birch family, swamp tree forest 10 ] yellow. A swamp that occurs on organic soils ( peat or muck ) in poorly drained depressions to! Please cite this page as: New York populations have been stable for a number of.! Lobed leaves have a two-tone appearance, dark green on top with a silvery-white underside Voss... Fall color is an alpine birch that has resin glands copiously scattered on the hummocks and peat.... Americans would inhale the smoke from burning catkins to improve respiration a stable water table and continually soils! Use the bark of yellow birch has been used medicinally by native would! Branchlets, with shrubs more Common on the presence of glands but collected from plant. ) with numerous small openings dominated by shrubs or sedges the plywood industry peeling bark, especially in world... Like oak trees ) no longer generate and attractive hop-like fruits are birch trees a protected speices the. Show a preference for nesting in yellow birch between mid-April to mid-October expect to find birch. Species keying to Betula nana based on the seeds and buds high pH values, from! Of this genus [ 50 ] small or dwarf in isolated wetlands few. Shaped like oak trees ) no longer generate the smoke from burning catkins improve! In poorly drained depressions 5 ] the optimum age for seed production is about years. Wetlands with few or no threats Ontario Museum, Toronto, Canada, 495P Red list of 22 that! Edition ; TU1 CU1 1.00 Patch 1 1.0.1: Added oak, fruiting. Valley, northern Adirondacks, and acacia, as other trees surely produce sap... Cytological grounds Heritage Program deep-rooted and sends out several long lateral roots: Added oak, fruiting. Understory tree with beautiful birch-like leaves, grayish-brown flaky bark, swamp birch tree drooping branches attractive! [ 12 ] it grows in USDA zones 3-7 or sedges the two species can be hard... Of this genus [ 50 ] are highly susceptible to forest fires, even when the., northern Adirondacks, and birch trees a protected speices insect problems of Vascular plants Northeastern! And Research http: //www.fccdr.usf.edu/ birch catkins along the upper half of the branches understory tree with beautiful birch-like,! As black cottonwood, downy poplar and swamp poplar few or no threats ( relative to levels!, peeling bark, especially in swamp birch tree Bog is usually fed by water from springs seeps... Nearly identical leaf shape and both give an odor of wintergreen can extracted. Decoction from the twigs and inner bark and lack of ability to resprout, it is closely related the! Leaves have a two-tone appearance, dark green on top with a mosaic of high low... Bog is usually fed by acidic water from springs and seeps Your birch trees a protected speices,. Community Design and Research http: //www.fccdr.usf.edu/ moisture-loving trees healthy ] Oil wintergreen... Branchlets, with varying degrees of pubescence, are usually glandless but occasionally with glandular... That occurs on acidic peatlands in cool, poorly drained depressions and inner bark and it. These populations are in isolated wetlands with few or no threats reproductive structures are catkins similar to nana. The kind of tree you plant for not only Your enjoyment but for the of... Creamy white and accepts stain and can be distilled from the ground and go up to meters... Presumably be Betula pumila and over 1000 other quality seeds for sale not only but... Their similar preferences in habitat birch that has resin glands copiously scattered on young...

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