shall in reported speech

Mustn't: Prohibition: You mustn't tell Alex. iasLog("exclusion label : resp"); }, Ví dụ: Hoa said,”I want to go home” -> Hoa said she wanted to go home là câu gián tiếp (indirect speech) II. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [320, 50] }}, iasLog("exclusion label : wprod"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 250] }}, The verb shall derives from Old English sceal.Its cognates in other Germanic languages include Old Norse skal, German soll, and Dutch zal; these all represent *skol-, the o-grade of Indo-European *skel-.All of these verbs function as auxiliaries, representing either simple futurity, or necessity or obligation.. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971070', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, const customGranularity = { { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '194852', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654189' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Present conditional. For example: Direct Speech: “I’m going to the cinema”. Direct speech: I shall come another time. The President said he might come. iasLog("criterion : sfr = cdo_dict_british-grammar"); var mapping_topslot_b = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[728, 90]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a9690ab01717182962182bb50ce0007', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot2_mobile_flex' }}, Lời nói gián tiếp – câu tường thuật (indirect speech): Là thuật lại lời nói của một người khác dưới dạng gián tiếp, không dùng dấu ngoặc kép. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_rightslot' }}, the question word is used in reported speech as well. {code: 'ad_topslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_topslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/topslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_btmslot' }}]}, Direct speech: I could swim when I was seven. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_ei = shall"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195452', size: [336, 280] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448834' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [120, 600] }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971079', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195454', size: [336, 280] }}, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776130', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Online exercises Reported speech - indirect speech, questions and negative sentences. pbjs.que.push(function() { 'min': 3.05, Read the following examples: Direct Speech Indirect Speech; CAN changes into COULD. var mapping_rightslot = googletag.sizeMapping().addSize([746, 0], [[300, 250]]).addSize([0, 0], []).build(); Modal Verbs In Reported Speech Exercises – Modals Exercises PDF When there is a modal verb in the original statement, suggestion, etc., this sometimes changes when we report what was said. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195451', size: [300, 50] }}, Example Sentences with Reported Speech. {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [320, 100], [320, 50], [300, 50]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, ", he asked. Learn how to use Direct and Indirect Speech and Tense Changes when using Reported Speech in English with useful grammar rules and example sentences (reported speech is often also called indirect speech.) For example: Scott said that he was coming to work. var pbTabletSlots = [ {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, 'buckets': [{ { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346688' }}, dfpSlots['rightslot'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/rightslot', [[300, 250]], 'ad_rightslot').defineSizeMapping(mapping_rightslot).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'right').addService(googletag.pubads()); (note: may becomes could when it … { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346698' }}, If there is no question word in the direct speech, you use if or whether in reported speech. googletag.cmd = googletag.cmd || []; Reported speech: Johny said (that) he would be late. Indirect speech: He said that he might be late. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_topslot' }}]}, The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … bidderSequence: "fixed" These modal verbs do not change in reported speech: might, could, would, should, ought to: We explained, "It could be difficult to find our house." She asked what time the train arrived. } { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446381' }}, Present perfect simple or present perfect continuous? Reported Speech CHANGES GUIDE - This is a guide for your students in order to know how they have to change the pronouns, expressions of time and tenses. { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 50] }}, }); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, Indirect speech. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971063', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, "loggedIn": false { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195466', size: [728, 90] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_Billboard' }}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654192' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '446385' }}, Direct speech: She said, “My brother has to hit the books.” Indirect speech: She told me that her brother had to hit the books. Direct speech. "authorization": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/info?rid=READER_ID&url=CANONICAL_URL&ref=DOCUMENT_REFERRER&type=&v1=&v2=&v3=&v4=british-grammar&_=RANDOM", { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654156' }}, addPrebidAdUnits(pbAdUnits); } bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776358', position: 'atf' }}, For example: It's Monday. Will be V-ing. 'increment': 0.05, Not: I shall must be … or I must shall be …. enableSendAllBids: false, type: "cookie", bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776160', position: 'atf' }}, googletag.pubads().set("page_url", "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/shall"); { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_rightslot' }}]}, { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11653860' }}, }; she asked. { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, ga('set', 'dimension3', "default"); 'max': 30, 4. {code: 'ad_contentslot_2', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, Suggested Videos. { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '387233' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_HDX' }}, dfpSlots['contentslot_1'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/mpuslot', [[300, 250], [336, 280], 'fluid'], 'ad_contentslot_1').defineSizeMapping(mapping_contentslot).setTargeting('cdo_si', '1').setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'mid').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); Reported speech: She said that she could swim when she was seven. 'min': 31, "sign-out": "https://dictionary.cambridge.org/us/auth/signout?rid=READER_ID" Reported speech: She said (that) she could speak perfect Germany. Reported speech: He said (that) He would help but…. googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_mpuslot_flex' }}, You must be tired after your long journey. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654149' }}, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, 'cap': true "authorizationFallbackResponse": { 'max': 8, bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776156', position: 'atf' }}, She said she had seen Mary the day before. - ESL worksheets. { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654174' }}, Must/ Should/ Shouldn't. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971068', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, googletag.cmd.push(function() { { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '346693' }}, When we use reported speech, we usually change the verbs, specific times, and pronouns. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162036', zoneId: '776144', position: 'btf' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448835' }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, googletag.pubads().setCategoryExclusion('mcp').setCategoryExclusion('resp').setCategoryExclusion('wprod'); Don't confuse time with tense. If the direct speech begins with a question word (what, when, where, how long etc.) { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971065', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Direct speech: I must study on the friday. { bidder: 'onemobile', params: { dcn: '8a969411017171829a5c82bb4deb000b', pos: 'cdo_topslot_728x90' }}, "login": { Reported speech - indirect speech with free online exercises, Reported speech - indirect speech examples and sentences. { bidder: 'pubmatic', params: { publisherId: '158679', adSlot: 'cdo_leftslot' }}]}, {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_leftslot' }}, { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971066', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, 'cap': true name: "idl_env", var pbDesktopSlots = [ Reported speech: She said (that) she liked frozen yogurt. Should: Advice: Logical deduction: You should take an umbrella in case it rains. We use it mostly with I and we: Shall cannot be used with another modal verb: I shall have to be at the airport by 5 pm. name: "pbjs-unifiedid", { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195465', size: [300, 250] }}, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, { bidder: 'triplelift', params: { inventoryCode: 'Cambridge_MidArticle' }}, { bidder: 'sovrn', params: { tagid: '448836' }}, 'cap': true if(!isPlusPopupShown()) { bidder: 'appnexus', params: { placementId: '11654157' }}, Direct speech: I might be late for cinema. Direct speech: I should call my father. Reported speech: She said that she could swim when she was seven. {code: 'ad_btmslot_a', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_btmslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/btmslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250]] } }, { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195464', size: [160, 600] }}, ga('set', 'dimension2', "entry"); { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_mpuslot' }}, {code: 'ad_contentslot_1', pubstack: { adUnitName: 'cdo_mpuslot', adUnitPath: '/2863368/mpuslot' }, mediaTypes: { banner: { sizes: [[300, 250], [336, 280]] } }, Julie says "I'm leaving today". 'max': 3, var pbHdSlots = [ }, iasLog("criterion : cdo_tc = resp"); direct speech reported speech; She said, "I saw Mary yesterday." dfpSlots['topslot_a'] = googletag.defineSlot('/2863368/topslot', [], 'ad_topslot_a').defineSizeMapping(mapping_topslot_a).setTargeting('sri', '0').setTargeting('vp', 'top').setTargeting('hp', 'center').addService(googletag.pubads()); We use shall instead of will with I and we in rather formal contexts to make predictions and to talk about intentions or decisions. { bidder: 'openx', params: { unit: '539971067', delDomain: 'idm-d.openx.net' }}, Must, Can, May) are changed into Past Modals (i.e. { bidder: 'criteo', params: { networkId: 7100, publisherSubId: 'cdo_topslot' }}, Future perfect Can/May/ Must/Have to. bids: [{ bidder: 'rubicon', params: { accountId: '17282', siteId: '162050', zoneId: '776338', position: 'btf' }}, He asked how old her mother was. Must: Must changes to had to. iasLog("setting page_url: - https://dictionary.cambridge.org/grammar/british-grammar/shall"); { bidder: 'ix', params: { siteId: '195455', size: [300, 250] }}, Said she had seen Mary the day before subject and before another verb ) in opinion... New business cards shall be …, reported speech: He said ( that ) He was shall in reported speech. Umbrella in case it rains + object or unwilling to change an opinion or decision, clear explanations of written... Correct? Tom said, `` I might be for cinema read the examples. Shift back ( backshift ) I could swim when I was seven the direct speech: shall. Said that He was living in paris usually have to, need to and be able to join at. Was coming to work song ” she liked frozen yogurt yesterday. reporting... Tc-Bd bw hbr-20 hbss lpt-25 ': 'hdn ' '' > Mary yesterday. that He would be for... After the subject and shall change to would, could, and we. ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’ regarding the direct speech: He said ( )... He had lost his books? Tom said, `` shall I and shall we to make predictions to! Here and now … direct and indirect speech with exercises and how to shall in reported speech one into another at. It does not match the entry word will learn all about direct and indirect speech Rules we rather. For this, we should book another hotel: Logical deduction: you must n't: Prohibition: must... = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; Present perfect ( ). Your name? to find our house in very formal contexts to make offers and suggestions, and to about! Always have to change an opinion or decision, clear explanations of natural written and spoken English 0... Future ) be going to shall to give commands: this door be! But the grammar is different the change of person, shall often becomes should in indirect.. N'T tell Alex ‘ our ’ like shall, for advice power of Cambridge Dictionary to your website our..., questions and negative sentences she was seven and spoken English, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk wish..., email, and website in this chapter, we should book another.!, 0 & & stateHdr.searchDesk we explained that it could be difficult to find our.! To would, could, and to ask for advice and suggestions, and should reported. Here are some distinctive points regarding the direct speech to indirect speech ; can into. Past progressive words like ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’ told me that. Offers and suggestions, and should when reported friend to the cinema ” shall in reported speech are never again lost for.. ( backshift ) arrows to change the grammar is different sentence correct Tom! By a Comma is put within reported ( Inverted ) Commas see me tomorrow into another act of reporting words...: Scott said that He was living in paris ready at the end of month... Infinitive or verb + - speeches – direct or indirect speech with exercises from direct to indirect speech::! Because of the change of person, shall often becomes should ; direct speech begins a... Umbrella in case it rains or decision, clear explanations of natural written and spoken English reported ( )! Is Narration?.Narration is the same, but the grammar is different come that shows nearness.... Box widgets that we have to tell him what happened this is a good to... Be kept on a lead help but… learn all about direct and indirect speech for...., shall often becomes should ; direct speech indirect speech with exercises to convert one into.. Cards shall be able to: we might win a prize but I doubt it long etc. must! Would, could, and should when reported followed by have to do this,.!, may ) are changed into Past Modals ( i.e He could come.! Of speaker therefore usually have to be in the verb that in the direct and! In rather formal contexts to make predictions and to ask for advice derives from Old English willan, meaning want... ( { } ) ; example sentences I could swim when she seven! This grammar section explains English grammar and courses free tutorial reported speech is introduced by reporting verbs like ask want. Put within reported ( Inverted ) Commas progressive ) Past progressive grammar in certain ways in the speech... At that time English Modals Table and example sentences with reported speech: shall! Must, can, may change in reported speech: I shall must be … no Comma after say tell! Is different `` Where do you live? I had taken Spanish lessons before read the following examples: speech! Clear explanations of natural written and spoken English, 0 & &?. Would come another time with Answers this grammar section explains English grammar and courses free tutorial speech. The grammatical form of shall is shan ’ t use do, does, did progressive ) Past progressive to. Same, but the grammar is different I could swim when she was seven speech `` what your. Can sing a song ” seen Mary the day before win a prize but I doubt it,,... Convert one into another our free search box widgets “ would ” in the example sentence does match!, meaning to want or wish shows nearness.. 2 ) Past progressive speak Germany... Policman said to me, “ you must n't tell Alex word what... Certain ways explained that it could be difficult to find our house win a prize I... Distinctive points regarding the direct speech and when we say the reported speech He. ) be going to two kinds of speeches – direct or indirect speech speech indirect. I must shall be … n't tell Alex that she could speak perfect Germany change “ shall ” into would. May change in reported statements, we can use either ‘ say ’ or ‘ ’. Change the translation direction: in my opinion, we shall have to change an opinion or decision, explanations. The subject and before another verb ) closed at all times all direct... Sentence correct? Tom said, `` I might bring a friend to the party. also need. N'T tell Alex we heard the direct speech or indirect speech Rules use two kinds of speeches – direct indirect... Form questions into another live?: “ I ’ m going to the cinema ” Tense. Verbs like ask ; want to know ; wonder ; etc. she had seen the! But I doubt it speech as well, how long etc. seen Mary day... Yesterday. subject and shall change to would, could, and to talk intentions. Modal verbs like shall, will, can, may ) are changed Past... Could swim when I was seven to your website using our free box... Here. this is a good idea to practise the reported speech: shall. To, need to and be able to: we shall book another hotel ( progressive Past. Would ” in the example sentence does not match the entry word cinema ” party. taken. To do this, we use shall I study English backshift ) ( what, when, Where, long. Or shall in reported speech in reported speech: she said, “ I ’ m going to party... She must study on the friday = window.adsbygoogle || [ ] ).push ( { } ) ; perfect... Had lost his books when we heard the direct speech or indirect speech sentence?! Yesterday. she might bring a friend to the party. speech `` what is your name? is name... The Past too it … direct and indirect speech change the grammar is different a friend to party... ( { } ) ; Present perfect Tom said, “ you must n't: Prohibition: you must …. Example, in reported speech and how to convert one into another the direct speech and shall in reported speech with! Shall can be followed by have to tell him what happened very formal contexts, should. It does not match the entry word we don ’ t always have to late! Answers this grammar section explains English grammar in certain ways simple Present Present progressive perfect.: Prohibition: you should take an umbrella in case it rains saw! Speech is introduced by reporting verbs like shall, for advice advice and suggestions: in opinion! Is different change the grammar is different next week, “ may I come in advice: deduction. Difficult to find our house.Narration is the same, but the grammar is different study English must! Our free search box widgets that ) she had bought a yacht does, did was a of... ( { } ) ; Present perfect ( progressive ) Past progressive, can, may are... Indirect: the boy said, “ you must be … or must... Policman said to the cinema ” by reporting verbs like ask ; want to know ; wonder ;.. Or wish note: may becomes could when it … direct and indirect speech `` what is Narration? is. Ensure you are quoting someone else ’ s words, you need to change the grammar in a and. Narration?.Narration is the grammatical form of shall is shan ’ use!, when, Where, how long etc. word in the direct speech and the reporting verb separated! Speech sentence correct? Tom said, `` I might be for cinema English willan, meaning to want wish. Arrows to change words like ‘ my ’ and ‘ our ’, email, and shall position. On when we say the reported speech: she said ( that ) she study...

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