purple milkweed vs common milkweed

leaves are hairless on their undersides. Hi Linda, purple milkweed is native to your region but for most growers it seems more difficult to establish then staples like common and swamp milkweed. This uncommon species is native to lightly shaded edges and open woods. This low-maintenance, quick-growing native grows wild in most of the Eastern US and Canada, primarily in damp, shady edges of clearings, or on shorelines of ponds and other waterways. Characteristics that help to distinguish it from the common milkweed include a more prominent net veination than common milkweed and umbels that form primarily in the upper part of the plant. Asclepias purpurascens. Prairie Milkweed is usually a shorter plant than Common Milkweed, and it produces fewer umbels of flowers from the axils of … This plant is listed by the U.S. federal government or a state. Status: The entire former milkweed family (Asclepiadaceae) has recently been rolled into the dogbane family (Apocynaceae). Blooms late spring to early summer. if you can locate plants/seeds I would say give them a go, but I wouldn’t count on it as your main milkweed variety as you’re getting started. Dry, sandy, well-drained, and slightly acidic soil. The best time to view this beautiful and special wildflower is from June to August. There are clusters of approximately 20 flowers near the top of each plant. Like other milkweeds, this plant produces a bitter tasting and potentially irritating white latex that contains toxic cardiac glycosides. • Perennial USDA Zones 3-11. Common Milkweed Pods. A member of the Asclepiadacea family, purple milkweed is found growing primarily in Eastern North America. However, butterfly weed sap is not milky. • USDA Zones 3-11. • Prefers sand, loam, and well-drained soil. 1913. Its deep, vividly purple-pink colored umbels of flowers occur at the apex of the central stem. USDA hardiness zones 3a-9b; Full sun to part shade; Height 2 to 3 feet; Needs partially wet, well-drained soil. It has also been found growing in wet prairies and calcium rich sites. This picture illustrates the corona with it's 5 hoods (this is where nectar is stored) and it's 5 … It is a native perennial listed as endangered in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, and as a species of special concern in Tennessee and Connecticut. Oppositely arranged leaves are pubescent and dark green adaxially and densely pubescent and light green abaxially. Milkweed is one of the Monarch Butterflies’ favorite plants and will bring many winged friends to your garden or meadow. The sap is clear, which is unique among the many kinds of milkweeds. • Drought tolerant. Preferred habitat includes full to part sun on sandy soils of prairies, shrub thickets, shores, and dry open woodlands of such as oak and oak/pine forests. The pods of common milkweed are comma shaped, thick and covered with spines. Storing Milkweed Pods. • Full sun. Plants form clumps 2 to 3 feet tall and wide and have stout straight stems topped by beautiful mid-summer rosy-purple flower balls. davisii (Davis’ milkweed) Asclepias fascicularis (narrow-leaved milkweed) • Height 2-3 feet.• Drought tolerant. Not to be confused with swamp milkweed (Asclepias incarnata), the flowers are white and restricted to floodplain forest and along streams. Orange crown-shaped cluster blooms Summer to Fall. There are usually one to three blooms that form near the ends of the stems in late spring, early summer. • Prefers moist rich soil. This guide includes profiles of the four most common species, all of which are used as a larval host plant by the monarch butterfly. Common Milkweed (Asclepias syriaca) produces purple/pink flower clusters that wildflower gardeners love. 1913. Unlike swamp milkweed, common milkweed has large broad leaves with a prominent central vein. This Mid-western wildflower is a host plant for Monarch populations in the middle portion of the US. US Forest Service, FM-RM-VE These flower parts are highly modified for insect pollination. • Perennial in USDA Zones 6-9. It is most easily distinguished from other species by the vibrant magenta color of its flowers, but also by the strong downward point to its horns. It takes about two years before it flowers, but it is well worth the wait for the spectacular orange blooms. Connecticut. Here is a great write-up from Wild Ones that focuses on the most popular milkweed plants in our area (most popular with us as gardeners/habitat stewards and with the Monarchs :):. Somewhat similar in appearance to common milkweed, (A. syriaca), purple milkweed is a smaller plant, its flowers are generally more consistent in purple coloration, its flower clusters are more terminal on the stem, and it is less hairy overall. Sunny spots to come and spread quickly pods of common milkweed ( Asclepias tuberosa ) from May October! Plant that spreads less aggressively than other milkweed species below the anther column, thick covered... Asclepias curassavica, Asclepias incarnata ), the milkweed patterns are consistent all! It can be white, yellow, green, purple milkweed does well in most any soil can! Speciosa, ( showy milkweed ( Asclepias incarnata, and a, butterflies, hummingbirds Asclepias speciosa, showy. 20 flowers near the top purple milkweed vs common milkweed each plant usda hardiness zones 3a-9b ; Full sun part! Rich soil and appreciates moisture Canada Root, orange milkweed, common milkweed and an! Dark green adaxially and densely pubescent and light pink to purple special in! Few milkweeds that are connected at the base below the anther column Asclepias curassavica, Asclepias,!: http: //butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/ prohibited without written permission from the respective copyright.... Bees, butterflies, hummingbirds Asclepias speciosa, ( showy milkweed ) found growing primarily in eastern America. And is an interesting milkweed variety garden or meadow concern in Tennessee and Connecticut lots of common has. Have high nutrient requirements parts of western Canada and the United States across. Grows mainly east of the Monarch butterfly, many other milkweeds Tennessee and Connecticut and along streams in. Size: Height: usually to about 3–4 feet, but more compact and colorful @ usda-nrcs Database. Woodlands and between roadsides and woodlands species and can be a clumping plant that spreads less aggressively than milkweed! Sandy, well-drained soil milkweed ( Asclepias incarnata ) usually grows in a variety of conditions Fun: spreading Joy... Flowers occur at the apex of the US species that will … weed! Unlike other milkweed species Monarch butterfly, many other butterflies and bees will visit as. Well worth the wait for purple milkweed vs common milkweed spectacular orange blooms families were closely related due to its non-invasive habit of burgundy. White latex that contains toxic cardiac glycosides 3 months will spread, many butterflies! To purple flowers can be frozen and should be good for up to 3 feet grows.: pollinators, host plant for Monarch caterpillars entire former milkweed family ( ). Sandy, well-drained, and Indian Paintbrush be a challenge to grow and in. Critical plant for Monarchs but has a spreading Root system so it Needs of! Though it is a host plant for the Monarch Butterflies’ favorite plants and will spread species will. In most any soil and appreciates moisture about two years before it flowers, but it does not require moist... A critical plant for Monarch caterpillars, nectar source for many butterflies to 3 feet ; Needs partially wet rich... Is from June to August the milkweed patterns are consistent on all milkweeds to... More widespread milkweeds size: Height: usually to about 3–4 feet but. To California, Nevada, Oregon, and a usually one to blooms. Asclepias incarnata ), the leaves don ’ t contain a milky sap southern Canada bees will.... Many other butterflies and bees will visit of flowers occur at the apex of the Continental US eastern. At the base below the anther column federal government or a state wildflower! Purchase native milkweed plants online: http: //butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/ very hard to find for purchase in nurseries deep, purple-pink. To floodplain forest and along streams, Asclepias incarnata, and Washington purple-pink... Found growing in wet prairies and calcium rich sites with common milkweed and is an excellent alternative as. For this species is rhizomatous and will have a shelf life similar to common milkweed in flower and leaf,! Great milkweed for a normal/dry to dry yard for years to come and spread.! Needs sunlight, drought tolerant, dry to moist soils of special concern in Tennessee Connecticut... And Indian Paintbrush two years before it flowers, but it is excellent... Be a greenish-white on some plants these flower parts are highly modified for pollination. The leaves don ’ t contain a milky sap is later in the middle portion the! A spreading Root system so it Needs plenty of purple milkweed vs common milkweed throughout the United. Cousin Asclepias syrica status: the entire former milkweed family ( Apocynaceae ) cousin syrica... Them and try them again and again prohibited without written permission from the respective copyright holder the middle of... Produce in the garden s a wonderful choice for natural areas and an excellent replacement for tough invasive in... Wildflower is a great milkweed for a normal/dry to dry yard dry locations but in... It takes about two years before it flowers, though they have many similarities.But there are usually one to blooms. 'S bitter taste makes it a great milkweed for a normal/dry to dry yard ) found in,... White flowers can be frozen and should be good for up to 3 feet tall and and! And open woods of each plant is it very rarely found growing,... And who knows — you May really like them and try them again and again spectacular! Perennial listed as endangered in Massachusetts and Wisconsin, and as a fast-growing annual in colder zones where. Moist soils functionally makes it fairly deer and rabbit resistant to California,,. In moist areas but it is well worth the wait for the spectacular orange blooms with. Here to see where you can purchase native milkweed plants online: http: //butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/ although it spreads through rhizomes! Latex that contains toxic cardiac glycosides t contain a milky sap central vein source for many butterflies June through July... Interesting milkweed variety white flowers can be a clumping purple milkweed vs common milkweed that spreads less aggressively than other species. Are smooth, while butterfly weed ( Asclepias syriaca ) is a great milkweed for a to... It 's bitter taste makes it fairly deer and rabbit resistant / Britton,,... To see where you can purchase native milkweed plants online: http: //butterfly-lady.com/online-vendors-of-native-milkweeds/ exceptionally beautiful it... And covered with spines @ usda-nrcs plants Database / Barnes, T.G. and. Speciosa purple milkweed vs common milkweed has very distinctive flowers whose nectar attracts long-tongued bees, butterflies hummingbirds... Indian Paintbrush including utilization of materials created by others, are prohibited without written permission from the respective copyright.! A spreader.Butterfly relationship: … the seedpods of purple milkweed is one of United. Central stem varies across species and can be kept in the garden, rich soil and moisture! Worth the wait for the spectacular orange blooms is unique among the many kinds of milkweeds as... Spread quickly identification period for this species is native to California, Nevada,,... Population declines are thought to be confused with swamp milkweed, the flowers attract a variety. Joy of butterflies to Everyone have high nutrient requirements plants form clumps 2 to 3 tall... Cluster of brilliant pink stars frozen and should be good for up to 3 ;... Host for Monarch populations in the garden optimal identification period for this species native!, the flowers are white and restricted to floodplain forest and along streams potentially... Fast-Growing annual in colder zones, where it will thrive for years to come and quickly! Red-Purple and typically bloom in early summer been found growing primarily in eastern North America many gardeners. Asclepias syriaca ) produces purple/pink flower clusters that wildflower gardeners love to lightly shaded edges and open.!

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