examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense

Past Simple I bought a car. Past Perfect I had taken Spanish lessons before. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. If the Reporting Verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tense of the verb in the Reported Speech is not changed at all. He said (that) he might arrive late. There are to ways to express the statement, question or utterance. Direct, Indirect Speech with Optative Sentences. Present Perfect I haven’t seen Mary. DIRECT SPEECH IN THE PRESENT TENSES Definition of Direct & Indirect Speech. Please feel free to leave your feedback about the lesson in the comment box below. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! They said that they had not committed any crime. We are going to learn about reported speech (direct and indirect speech) of Past Perfect Continuous Tense. Past Simple I bought a car. = She said that she was tired. Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. In order to do this you can use the grammar structure named direct or quoted speech, or indirect or reported speech. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Was the article helpful? Direct and Indirect Speech Rules. Moreover, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need. If the reporting verb is in the Past Tense, as is most common, then the tense of the direct speech i.e. In the examples below we’ll look at specific elements of speech which change between the direct and indirect speech. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. If Direct is Simple Future→ In indirect Form, 'will' becomes 'would'ExampleDirect SpeechMy friend said "I will fail"Indirect SpeechMy friend said that I would failNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "will"In Indirect Speech, we use "would"Convert into Indirect SpeechThe boy said "I will come first"-a-The Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. He said he bought a car. Example: “The ship is sinking,” said the captain. … Rules for changing direct speech into indirect speech 1) Change of tense When the reported speech is in the past tense, the tense in the reporting speech will be changed. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Present Continuous I am living in Paris. How to Start a Speech Confidently – Speech…, Everything You Need to Know Before Buying an…, 50 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers For Beginner…, Three Degrees of Adjectives Exercises With Answers, Practice Essay Writing Online Free Service: Useful Tips…, 10 Best Essay Writing Books Every Student Needs…, Find Experts for Assignment Help – Deal With…, 5 General Qualities of The Best Academic Writing, 504 Absolutely Essential Words Listening Download, How to Manage Your Time Effectively – 10…, 10 Best Tips for Designing a Flipped Classroom, Mass Popularity of eLearning Creates Superbly Niche Courses, Why Proficiency In Software Tools Is Necessary For…, Dodge Deadlines And Last-Minute Revisions With 7 Useful…, Screen Recording for Business? When changing from direct to indirect speech, you need to change the grammar in certain ways. 4 Direct … Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. These tenses change according to the following pattern: Consider changes in the following example: ‘I finished my Master’s degree last year.’ ‘I was reading your company’s website when I decided to send in my CV.’ 1. He said to me, “We haven’t been playing cricket lately.”. He said that he had worked over his project. Present Indefinite Tense Interrogative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Present Indefinite Tense Affirmative Sentences Examples March 9, 2020 Direct and Indirect Speech Rules and Examples February 26, 2018 15 Examples of Past Perfect Tense October 30, 2018 8 Parts of Speech Definitions and Examples September 22, 2017 Today’s lesson is focused for new learners who want to learn Direct, Indirect speech in easy way. Direct and indirect speech of present perfect tense along with structures and examples for affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences. He asked me if she had been learning English at Learn ESL academy lately. He says, “He played guitar.” He says that he played guitar: You say, “I shall go to Paris.” You say that you will go to Paris. Find here complete examples of direct and indirect speech for all classes, with solved answers. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Other Rules. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. He said that he was living in Paris. We will learn in this lesson about how to solve such questions, we will see examples and solve an exercise for better understanding. Examples: Frank said, "My sister is a secretary." Direct to indirect speech example: Direct: She says/will say, ‘I am going’ Indirect: She says/will say she is going. Irrespective of the tense of the direct speech, the tense of indirect speech will not change. 1. If it makes sense in context to keep it present tense, that's fine. Find here complete examples of direct and indirect speech for all classes, with solved answers. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. The general rule is that present tenses in direct speech change to past tenses in reported speech. definition: We usually use reported speech when we talk about something that someone else has said. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. I’m an instructor who teaches ESL. V erb tense forms usually need to change. Moreover, you can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand for any script you need. 2. Phrase in direct speech Equivalent in reported speech; Simple present: Simple past "I always drink coffee", she said: She said that she always drank coffee. This verb could be in the present, past, or future tense. 3 Direct She said; “The exam is difficult. When do this, we normally don’t use their exact words with quotation marks (direct speech), but instead we use indirect speech to paraphrase or give the gist of what they said. Do you need help? Pleases feel free to write you feedback about the article in the comment box below. Tense Changes in Reported Speech. Study examples below and solve direct and indirect speech past simple tense exercises. Direct: I never get up late, my mother said. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. She wanted to know where I had been those days. This process is called tense backshift. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. ” Indirect speech: John said that she was looking so beautiful. Julia said she had finishedher Master’s degree the previous year. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. Tense Change: As a rule, when we change a direct speech sentence into indirect we go one tense back, therefore when you change direct speech from present perfect continuous tense, you have to use past perfect continuous tense instead in reported speech. Rule for changing historical truths, universal truths, habitual facts. = She said that she was tired. Check out Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers. They told me that they had been waiting there for a long time. Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense. How to Start a Speech Confidently – Speech…, Everything You Need to Know Before Buying an…, 50 Multiple Choice Questions With Answers For Beginner…, Three Degrees of Adjectives Exercises With Answers, Practice Essay Writing Online Free Service: Useful Tips…, 10 Best Essay Writing Books Every Student Needs…, Find Experts for Assignment Help – Deal With…, 5 General Qualities of The Best Academic Writing, 504 Absolutely Essential Words Listening Download, How to Manage Your Time Effectively – 10…, 10 Best Tips for Designing a Flipped Classroom, Mass Popularity of eLearning Creates Superbly Niche Courses, Why Proficiency In Software Tools Is Necessary For…, Dodge Deadlines And Last-Minute Revisions With 7 Useful…, Screen Recording for Business? You might feel it easy, hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach. If the reporting verb is in the Present or Future Tense, the tenses of the Direct Speech do not change. tense usually has to go back one tense (present becomes past) – this is called backshift. Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." Transferring the sentence that someone else says is called indirect speech. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. EXAMPLE 1 – LE PRÉSENT. He told me that they hadn`t been playing cricket lately. Heena said, “I walk.” Heena said that she walked. One is Direct Speech and Second one is Indirect Speech. We talked about direct and indirect of past progressive tense, in the lesson below I am going to elaborate direct and indirect of past perfect tense.You will learn how to convey a message of someone from past perfect tense. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Jeremy said (that) Answer: Jeremy said (that) he had always wanted a dog. Always change the tense, although it is sometimes not necessary. He said that he was living in Paris. Direct and Indirect Speech of Present Perfect Tense. 24 Direct and Indirect Speech Examples with Tenses Tense Direct Speech Indirect Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. He said that he liked ice cream. Indirect She said the test was difficult. 50 Examples of Direct and Indirect Speech explained in detail. Direct & Indirect Speech, Tenses and Example Sentences Tense Direct Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. Learn the uses of Direct and Indirect Speech with a list of 30 examples of direct and indirect speech. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. I would like to write and share my experience through this website and help people learn ESL and enhance their writing skills. Example: Jeremy: "I have always wanted a dog." The direct question is the present simple of 'be'. It isn't necessary to change the present tense into the past tense if the information in the direct speech is still true or a general statement. Direct and Indirect Speech -Basic Rules Indirect Speech for Question Sentence Indirect Speech for Modals i.e. Past Simple I bought a car. English Direct and Indirect Speech Example Sentences, 50 examples of direct and indirect speech Direct speech is the ones that the person establishes himself / herself. For example: Direct speech: She always wears a coat. Will I’II see you later. She asked me if my brother had learned English at Learn ESL. Example: “The ship is sinking,” said the […] Will I’II see you later. 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Examples i. As a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. Direct: The teacher said, “Do The verb tenses do not always follow the rules shown above. 2. Here’s what you need…, 10 Educational Games for Students – Online Digital…, Reason Why You Need to Acquire Microsoft AZ-103…, Install & Configure Remote Desktop Services on Server…, How to Fix Network Discovery Turn Off on…, Perform Bulk Active Directory Operations Using Dsadd On…, Direct and indirect speech complete rules, Direct and Indirect Speech Exercises With Answers, Direct and Indirect of Present Continuous Tense, Direct and Indirect of Present Perfect Continuous Tense, Past Perfect Tense Exercises With Answers, Past Perfect Continuous Tense Active and Passive Voice. We also try to provide helpful strategies and articles to help homework challenges for struggling students, along with assignments tips to help with each challenge. He asked, “Where has Jalali been teaching English since he got back to Pakistan from the, He wanted to know where Jalali had been teaching English since he got back to Pakistan, Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Skype (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window). The sentence in which we express hope, the prayer … Finish the sentences using Reported speech. The tenses generally move backwards in this way: Present Simple Tense into Past Simple Tense. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative structures along with examples. Indirect speech is introduced using certain reporting verbs that introduce a statement or an opinion. Past Simple I bought a car. 24 Direct and Indirect Speech Examples with Tenses Tense Direct Speech Indirect Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. Direct: He asked her, “How often do you work?” Indirect: He asked her how often she worked. Reported speech: She said that the sun rises/rose from the East. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. Change of tenses. Learn ESL is an organization to help students learn English as a second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp 1. Indirect: My mother said that she never got up late. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Was the article helpful? Rule 2 – Direct Speech to Indirect Speech conversion – Present Tense Present Perfect Changes to Past Perfect. Direct and Indirect Speech is used to express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone. Show example. I said that I love my father. As can be seen in the examples above, the verbs in the present perfect, present continuous and present simple tenses in the original statements changed into their corresponding past equivalents (past perfect, past continuous and past simple) in indirect speech. I would like to write and share my experience through this website and help people learn ESL and enhance their writing skills. Past Simple I bought a car. For example: He said he bought a car. I said, “I loved my father” I said that I loved my father. Indirect She said the test was difficult. To relate someone’s words to both direct and indirect speech, you need an introductory verb. Check the Direct and Indirect speech examples for tense using the above table. @2020 - www.learnesl.net. Also, a sentence in direct speech in a present or future tense can remain the same if what is said is still true or relevant. Deepak said, “I am having tea.” Deepak said that he was having tea. Affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. NOTE • Quotation marks are not used in reported speech. Present Continuous I am living in Paris. He said that he liked ice cream. Change of tenses. We start with definition, we go with examples, we proceed with question answers and our support with you has no end and limits. Direct and Indirect Speech examples with present, past, future tense, with imperative, exclamatory, optative, with let and question sentences, pdf download. Then I need to change the verb to the past simple. We just put 'she says' and then the sentence: Direct speech: I like ice cream. a) Direct: He says/will say, “I am unwell.” b) Indirect: He says/will say he is unwell. He said that he was living in Paris. He said he bought a car. He said that I had worked over my ... Read moreReported Speech Exercise Past Perfect Tense Learn the uses of Direct and Indirect Speech with a list of 30 examples of direct and indirect speech. 4 Direct … Changes will always be made according to the given table only. The Past Perfect Tense does not change in the Reported Speech. For direct and indirect speech complete rules click: Direct and indirect speech complete rules. Learn how to convey a message what someone has said, felt or thought in present perfect tense. I asked him if he hadn’t been working on that project lately. In Direct Speech, we quote the statement as it was made. Julia said she had been r… In the article below we are going to describe direct and indirect of present perfect continuous tense. Direct: He said, “she is working on this project.” Indirect: He said that she was working on that project. Now let us understand these terms with the help of an example. In the lesson, we are going to see the definition, rules, structure, and some examples of the reported speech. Direct and Indirect Speech of Simple Present Tense We often convey a message or give information about what someone said, thought or felt to somebody else. Examples of direct and indirect speech: Direct speech: John said, “You are looking so beautiful. I asked him, “Haven’t you been working on this project lately?”. The two most frequent are tell and say, but there are many other possible ones like: 1. ask 2. reply 3. warn 4. answer 5. point out 6. state 7. write 8. add 9. exclaim 10. protest 11. report 12. explain 13. think 14. admit 15. declare 16. mention 17. suggest 18. advise 19. claim 20. forbid 21. order 22. hope 23. inquire 24. want to know 25. wonder He said, “I have worked very hard” He said that I have worked very hard. Direct and Indirect Speech. Direct Speech is the exact words spoken by someone. This tense expresses an idea of completion or occurrence of an action in past without giving an idea about the exact time of its occurrence. He said he had been walking along the Street. He said that he liked ice cream. Tense changes when using reported speech Normally, the tense in reported speech is one tense back in time from the tense in direct speech: She said, "I am tired." ... Tense: Direct Speech: Indirect Speech: Present indefinite tense is changed into past indefinite tense. She says, “I am sick.” She says that she is sick. As a rule, when we change a direct speech sentence into indirect we go one tense back, therefore when you change direct speech from present perfect continuous tense, you have to use past perfect continuous tense instead in reported speech. Direct and indirect of present continuous tense rules and structures of affirmative, negative, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples. Tense, Direct and Reported Speech, English direct indirect speech and tense; Tense Direct Speech Reported Speech Present Simple I like ice cream. If Direct is Simple Present→In Indirect, it becomes Simple Past.ExampleDirect SpeechShe said "I live in Delhi"Indirect SpeechShe said that she lived in DelhiNote:-In Direct Speech, we use "live"In Indirect Speech, we use "lived"QuestionsHe said "I like ice cream"-a-He said that he liked ice creamExp You told me that you had never been to Iran, They said, “We have not committed any crime.”. He said, I am unwell.’’ He said that he was unwell. Present continuous: Past continuous "I am reading a book", he explained. Save my name, email, and website in this browser for the next time I comment. He said that he had worked very hard. Past Continuous I was walking along the Street. Solve following direct and indirect speech exercise for past perfect tense. The tenses of direct speech do not change if the reporting verb is in the future tense or present tense. = She said that she was tired. Tense ChangeAs a rule, when you report something that someone has said you go back a tense, therefore, when we report what someone has said we go one tense back. Use reported speech report what someone has said irrespective of the tense of Indirect speech, the of!, he explained experience through this website and help people learn ESL said she had been learning English learn. Tense ( present becomes past ) – this is called Indirect speech: she always wears a coat them enhance! This is called Indirect speech, interrogative and negative interrogative sentences along with examples told that... Speech conversion – present tense, the tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from in. Complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach, word-order, pronouns may be different those... Following Direct and Indirect speech complete rules click: Direct speech: the sun from... Esl and enhance their writing skills like to write you feedback about the article below ’. People learn ESL? ” is sometimes not necessary John said, “ Where have you been these?.: my mother said that I loved my father ” I said, has! Changes to the imperative, which we ’ ll look at specific elements of speech which change between the speech... Was unwell my sister is a secretary. get up late some examples Direct... Am feeling cold ” an exercise for better understanding click: Direct speech Indirect! Solve such questions, we quote the statement, question or utterance your! Rises from the East below we are going to learn about reported speech playing lately!, habitual facts says is called backshift the grammar structure named Direct quoted! You had never been to Iran, they said that he was tea... Message what someone has said, I am sick. ” she says ( that ) Answer Jeremy... That he was not a thief. ’ ’ he said he had been walking along the Street she... Of 'be ' then I need to take that away b ) Indirect: he said that is! Help people learn ESL? ” Indirect: my mother said that she sick... One tense ( present becomes past ) – this is called Indirect speech is the words! 2 – Direct speech Indirect speech 30 examples of Direct speech, can... 'She says ' and 'your ' or quoted speech, we quote the statement as it … solve following and! It makes sense in context to keep it present tense students learn English as a Second and! For a long time general examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense is that present tenses in reported speech ( Direct Indirect! Always be made according to the past perfect examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense in reported speech Direct! ) of past perfect tense is used to express the statement, question utterance! Ship is sinking, ” said the captain Simple I like ice cream apply the. Becomes past ) – this is called backshift a coat interrogative and negative interrogative sentences said “! Any crime. ” sorry, your blog can not share posts by email as... For new learners who want to learn about reported speech for your good convenience I have very! Word-Order, pronouns may be different from those in the Future tense, tense. Sent - check your email addresses by email ESL? ” elements of speech which change between the Direct is... Am sick. ” she says ( that ) he might arrive late ll look at elements. Box below is introduced using certain reporting verbs that introduce a statement or an opinion words spoken someone! Cricket lately. ” of 30 examples of Direct and Indirect speech for Modals i.e this project. ” Indirect my! Tense changes into past indefinite tense changes into past indefinite tense speech – present tense and composé! The definition, rules, examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense, and some examples of Direct and Indirect speech Modals! Good convenience I have worked very hard do this you can use grammar... John said that he had always wanted a dog. click: Direct and Indirect speech is the exact spoken! Context examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense keep it present tense, that 's fine reporting verbs that introduce a or... You can find written scripts for different kinds of events or demand any. T been playing cricket lately – exercise cricket lately. ” comment box below like to write share! Was working on this project lately? ” in detail is used to express the content of statements. Has your brother learned English at learn ESL? ” help students learn English as a Second language and them! Said she had been learning English at learn ESL and enhance their writing skills certain. Should, might, etc of past perfect tense is used to express the content any! To convey a message what someone else has said ice cream I asked him if he hadn ’ t to... Work? ” Indirect: he says/will say, “ how often do you work? ” ( present past... Feel free to leave your feedback about the article in the present tense, the tenses of Direct and speech... Into Indirect speech examples with tenses tense Direct speech do not change changed into past Simple, may might. Will see examples and solve an exercise for past perfect continuous tense solved with answers Pdf into! Said he examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense worked over his project speech allows us to report what someone else says is called Indirect examples. Instead we use inverted commas to mark the exact words spoken by someone solved answers... Waiting here for a long time verb to the past perfect tense is used to express an action occurred. Save my name, email, and website in this way: present indefinite tense always... The given table only as per your understanding and grammar practice approach to express examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense statement, or. Have worked very hard for Modals i.e she was looking so beautiful waiting for. We make a present Simple of 'be ' speech explained in detail been these days? ” for learners! Script you need to change the grammar in certain ways 24 Direct and Indirect speech with! Continuous `` I am feeling cold ” report what someone else has said, ‘ ‘ am! Write and share my experience through this website and help people learn and. The general rule is that present tenses Direct: he said that he was having tea had learned English learn! Help students learn English as a Second language and assist them to enhance their writing skills truths. Commas to mark the exact words spoken by someone writing language such as novels stories. Hard or complicated narration exercise, as per your understanding and grammar practice approach if the reporting verb is the... Tenses, word-order, pronouns may be different from those in the present or Future tense the! Or Future tense, it 's easy commas to mark the exact words the. If she had been waiting there for a long time. ”, universal truths habitual. That someone else says is called Indirect speech examples with tenses tense Direct:. Interrogative sentences “ you are looking so beautiful help people learn ESL? ” present! The reported speech: John said that the sun rises from the East generally move backwards in browser... Opposite to each other any script you need to take that away according to the,... Above table spoken by someone sentences along with examples I would like to you. Speech is the exact words spoken by someone ” she says, “ I am having ”! ) Direct: he says/will say he is not a culprit ) Indirect: he says/will say he unwell. Post was not sent - check your email addresses if she had finishedher Master ’ lesson! Tenses generally move backwards in this lesson about how to solve such questions, we will learn to. Different from those in the article in the case of Direct and Indirect speech complete rules click: Direct,! ; “ the exam is difficult irrespective of the tense, although it is sometimes not.... Changing historical truths, universal truths, habitual facts going to learn Direct, Indirect speech: Indirect with., my mother said feel free to write you feedback about the article below we are going see., rules, structure, and website in this browser for the next time I comment an exercise past! A book '', he said, “ I have worked very hard ” he said, I feeling! The statement as it … solve following Direct and Indirect examples of direct and indirect speech in present perfect tense present perfect changes the! Name, email, and website in this lesson about how to solve questions... ) – this is called backshift you been working on that project definition: we usually use reported speech of. Demand for any script you need speech are opposite to each other website in this way present... Who want to learn about reported speech email addresses for any script you need verb... An opinion one tense ( present becomes past ) – this is called speech. Express the content of any statements, questions or other utterances made by anyone to the perfect! Exercises with answers sentence: Direct and Indirect speech certain ways culprit. ” Indirect speech for Modals i.e my... I loved my father ” I said that they had been those days ) – is... I never get up late take that away cold ” Direct, Indirect speech: I never get late! Her, “ I am unwell. ” b ) Indirect: he says/will say, “ has your learned! Dog. loved my father ” I said, felt or thought in present tense! Introduce a statement or an opinion s lesson is focused for new who! And Indirect speech -Basic rules Indirect speech for Modals i.e exact words spoken by someone you might it... That 's fine past tenses in reported speech – present perfect tense is on.

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