The traditional highbush types prefer humid air and a cold winter climate, but the types bred for southern gardens do not tolerate freezing temps. How to Plant Blueberry Plants Plant blueberries at exactly the same depth as grown at the nursery. It also helps to give your plants plenty of space for good air circulation, plant in full sun, clean up any fallen debris, and replace the mulch annually, so the spores cannot over-winter in the area. Birds can cause serious damage to fruit, so netting is advised. If you live in a warmer climate, plant anytime in the fall or winter, so long as you can provide regular water. Planting Blueberries Blueberries prefer a sunny location with fertile, well-drained, acid soil (pH 4.5 to 5.5) amended with organic matter. For container-grown bushes, plant them about 1 inch deeper than they were in the nursery pot. Blueberry plants produce fruit after 3 to 4 years of growth. A: Blueberries will grow well here, but you must accommodate their need for acidic soil conditions. The best time to plant them is in fall or winter, but if given regular water, container blueberries can be planted anytime. Pinch and Prune Young. If you see yellowing progressing, have your soil pH tested, and make adjustments. For best results, fertilize your blueberry plants once in early spring and again in late spring. Oh, and don’t worry, all the hard work will pay off when you serve homemade and homegrown blueberry muffins for breakfast! Soil preparation is crucial to the health of blueberry plants. You won’t get many berries, but no pruning is necessary until the fourth year. Before you begin, read up on how to plant blueberries and stop by your local garden center to ask an expert about the best blueberry varieties for your region. Also, it is simpler to maintain low soil pH in a single place as compared to multiple plots across your garden. Blueberries contain small seeds almost not recognizable in comparison with other berries like raspberries or blackberries. Blueberry plants are naturally resistant to many common pests and diseases. Good blueberry cover crops for pre-planting include grasses and grains. Then mound soil up along sides of exposed root mass and water in well. The flowers appear in clusters of small, white, bell-shaped blooms in late spring, leading to deliciously edible berries that ripen from green to a deep purple-blue. Blueberries are an ideal year round addition to the landscape. In most areas, it’s ideal to plant blueberries in the fall or spring. Plant blueberries in autumn or winter leaving about 1.5m (5ft) gaps between them and mulch with a layer of acidic peat, wood chippings or pine needles. Tips on soil, fertilizing, and pruning. We … University of Maine Cooperative Extension fruit and vegetable specialist David Handley demonstrates how to plant high bush blueberries. When planting, dig holes three-four feet wider than the root ball and as deep as the root ball. All blueberries have shallow roots and need moist, well-drained soil. Older plants suffer more transplant shock and will still take a few years to begin producing large harvests. For colder northern climates, these are the main varieties: For warmer southern climates, consider these more popular choices: Most blueberry plants will start to produce a small harvest by their third year, but won’t begin to produce fully until about their sixth year. Cover the soil around the shrubs with organic mulch to maintain the soil moisture and control weeds. Plant two or more varieties for successful pollination. Don’t fertilize your blueberries in their first year. Introducing "One Thing": A New Video Series, Rich, well-draining; high in organic matter. If you purchased containerized blueberry plants, remove from pot and lightly roughen up the outside surface of the root ball. Plant breeders keep improving the vigor and disease resistance of fruit trees, so it’s hard to recommend varieties without updating them every season. Harvest is bigger after 5 years. Pat soil up around the top of the plant to cover any exposed roots with 1⁄2 inch (1.3 cm) of soil. The goal is to open up the bush so that light can reach the berries in the middle of the bush. Blueberry bushes need to … Some good varieties for containers include: Marie Iannotti is an author, photographer, and speaker with 27 years of experience as a Cornell Cooperative Extension Horticulture Educator and Master Gardener, How to Grow and Care for Black Huckleberries, 9 Best Fruit Plants to Grow in Your Garden, How to Grow Organic Blueberries in Your Garden, 29 Shrubs That Grow in Full or Partial Shade. Although this is usually a sign of iron deficiency, it is probably not caused by a lack of iron in the soil. Roots with 1⁄2 inch ( 1.3 cm ) of mulch to the sulfur... 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